Junior Park Ranger Program: Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot National Monuments by United States. National Park Service

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Junior Park Ranger Program

[Illustration: JUNIOR PARK RANGER]

Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot National Monuments

The National Park Service protects many historical areas in the southwestern United States. Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot are just two of these sites.

Now that you are an official Junior Park Ranger we hope that you will continue to help us protect these special places so that others who come after you may enjoy them also.

As a Junior Park Ranger your duties are:

—To help keep your parks clean! Do not litter. If you find any litter, help out by putting it in a trash container.

—To learn more about your parks! Information can be found in visitor centers and museums. You may also ask the Park Rangers questions. Be sure to share your new knowledge with friends when you get home.

—To obey all rules and signs! Rules in the parks are for your safety and also to protect the resources. Please stay on the trails.

[Illustration: NATIONAL PARK SERVICE · Department of the Interior]

This Junior Park Ranger Program is made possible through the support of the Western National Parks Association (WNPA). This nonprofit organization was founded in 1938 to aid and promote the educational and scientific activities of the National Park Service.

Special thanks also goes to former National Park Service Ranger Angela L. Davis for the text and design of this program.

If you have any questions or comments about the Montezuma Castle/Tuzigoot National Monuments Junior Park Ranger Program, please write to:

Superintendent P.O. Box 219 Camp Verde, AZ 86322

Printed with funds donated by Western National Parks Association—1/03 www.wnpa.org Recycled Paper

Become a Junior Park Ranger

It’s easy to become a Junior Park Ranger. You will learn about Montezuma Castle and/or Tuzigoot National Monuments. Discover the people who lived here, the plants that they used and the animals that still make their homes here today. You will receive an official Junior Park Ranger badge for your work.

★ If you are 6 years old or younger choose 2 activities from pages with a {pot} in the top right corner. ★ If you are between the ages of 7 and 9 years old choose 2 activities from pages with a {cactus} in the top right corner. ★ If you are 10 years old or older choose 2 activities from pages with a {snake} in the top right corner.

If you have any questions please ask your Mom or Dad, a big brother or sister or any Park Ranger for help. When you are done bring your booklet to the Visitor Center and have a Park Ranger check your work and sign your certificate.

[Illustration: Certificate]

This is to certify that ______________________________ has successfully completed all requirements for the Junior Park Ranger program at Montezuma Castle or Tuzigoot National Monument

______________________________ Park Ranger ______________________________ Date

Pick a Pair of Pots

People learn about the past from looking at things that were left behind. The people who lived at Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot left lots of pottery.

Below are some pots. Two of them are exactly the same. Look at them closely, then circle (or mark the checkbox for) the matching pair.

{pot} {pot} {pot} [_] [_] [_] {pot} {pot} {pot} [_] [_] [_] {pot} {pot} {pot} {pot} [_] [_] [_] [_] {pot} {pot} {pot} [_] [_] [_]

Who Lives Here?

People were not the only ones who lived here. Many animals also make their homes around here. Can you draw a line from each animal to the name of its home? Also circle any animals or homes that you see while you are visiting.

{Rabbit} {Honey Bee} [_]Rabbit [_]Honey Bee ______________________________ ______________________________ {Cliff Swallow} {Lizard} [_]Cliff Swallow [_]Lizard ______________________________ ______________________________ {Rock Squirrel} {Ant} [_]Rock Squirrel [_]Ant ______________________________ ______________________________

Ant Hill Nest Hive Brushpile Rockhole Groundhole

Food to Find

Help the squirrel find the berries. Begin with the squirrel and find your way through the maze to the berries. Just like when you visit parks, you need to stay on the path. Do not cross any solid lines.

Have Fun!

[Illustration: Maze]

Discover and Uncover

How many items listed below can you find in the puzzle? All have been discovered either at Tuzigoot or Montezuma Castle. Words may be found up, down, across, at an angle or even backwards.

[_] Arrows [_] Axehead [_] Beads [_] Bracelet [_] Clay Figurine [_] Jewelry [_] Mano [_] Metate [_] Pendant [_] Pottery [_] Prayer Stick [_] Sandal [_] Shell Ornament [_] Skeleton [_] Vessel [_] Weaving

B K C I T S R E Y A R P S G H L E M O Q U T L G A H B P O T T E R Y A N R S E R E D W X Y H D P A O T L A N A U V C N I N X S Y L C D J D Z A H J F E K S O E A B I S U V S Y H E G R L N Y R L E W E J E L N N E T A L S O P F Y A E I A T Y A S R F G S T D T V M K B E R U S N B D Y O A E C L A Y F I G U R I N E N W J S M E T A T E O M W T

Look closely and dig in to see how many you can uncover!

Then and Now

People lived at Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot many years ago. They did not have electricity, grocery stores or even metal. These past people made the things needed for themselves. Today people usually buy things that have already been made.

Below are many objects. Draw an X through each object that would not have been available to the people who lived here.

[Illustration: Ancient and modern artifacts]

You Decide!

The Sinagua (seen-AH-wa) Indians lived in this area for a long time. After living here many years, the people left. Did something change that forced them to leave? People today are trying to learn why they went away.

NO ONE KNOWS THE ANSWER

This is your chance to tell us what you think happened to the Sinagua Indians. People have guessed that a disease may have killed them, a drought (no rain for a long time) could have destroyed their crops, too many people living in one place may have used up all the food and firewood or they may have been attacked by some other tribe. Look at the exhibits and walk the trail to learn more about the Sinagua Indians.

In the space below write out your own story of why they left.

The Sinagua Indians left because....

Plants Provided

The Sinagua Indians who lived here years ago depended on nature to supply their needs. Plants provided food, building material, medicine and clothing.

While you are visiting, look at the different plants. Many are the same type that people used when they lived here. Four plants are listed below, along with how they were used. See if you can find and draw 3 of these 4.

There are different types of yucca but all provided necessary items. Fibers from the leaves of these plants were woven into baskets, mats, ropes and sandals. Soap was made from the roots.

Yucca

The gum (or sap) of this tree was used to make a candy as well as to mend broken pottery. Its beans were crushed and made into a flour.

Mesquite Tree

This tree was used in building homes. The wood remains very strong for hundreds of years.

Sycamore Tree

This bush had many uses. The root was chewed and put on ant bites and bee stings. The blossoms and twigs were used to make a bright yellow dye.

Salt Bush

Fill in the Spaces

Fill in the words below that match the definition given.

JEWELRY PUEBLO POTTERY ERUPTIONS MONTEZUMA HOHOKAM SINAGUA TUZIGOOT LADDERS CORN

Containers for food and water made from clay. __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 33 27 15 35 What the Sinagua Indians used to climb into __ __ __ __ __ __ __ their homes. 16 34 19 13 A modern Apache word meaning “crooked water.” __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 24 4 10 20 21 Name for a home built of stone and mud. __ __ __ __ __ __ 18 32 5 Pima word meaning “those who have gone.” __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 14 29 36 An Aztec ruler wrongly believed to have __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ visited here. 9 11 2 31 An important food grown by the Sinagua __ __ __ __ Indians. 23 6 25 Spanish word meaning “without water.” __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 30 26 8 Seashells traded from coastal areas were __ __ __ __ __ __ __ made into this. 1 22 12 What happened at Sunset Crater that later __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ made the land rich. 7 17 28 3 37

Now fill in the letters of the numbered spaces below with letters from the words above to discover a hidden message.

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 1 24 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

How Old Are They?

Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot are both older than anyone living today. Since the Sinagua Indians left no written records, these buildings are considered prehistoric (before recorded history).

After finishing this page you will learn how many years ago people were living here and how long ago they left. These monuments have been studied by archeologists (ar-key-ALL-o-jists). An archeologist is a person who studies past people and their ways of life by looking at artifacts (AR-te-fakts). Artifacts are things that have been left behind.

The Sinagua Indians, who lived here, left behind pottery, jewelry and tools. The artifacts found here were compared to those found in other monuments. By comparing them, archeologists were able to figure out when people lived in these buildings.

Look in the park brochure and read the signs along the trail to find the dates you need. Fill in the dates below and subtract.

A) When did Sinagua Indians first live in these buildings?

Today’s Year __ __ __ __ Earliest Year Buildings Used __ __ __ __ __ __ __ years ago

B) When did the Sinagua Indians leave these buildings?

Today’s Year __ __ __ __ Latest Year Buildings Used __ __ __ __ __ __ __ years ago

C) How long did the Sinagua Indians live in these buildings?

Answer from A __ __ __ Answer from B __ __ __ __ __ __ years

Transcriber’s Notes

—Silently corrected a few typos.

—Retained publication information from the printed edition: this eBook is public-domain in the country of publication.

—In the text versions only, text in italics is delimited by _underscores_.

—In the HTML version only, data entry is supported, but input is not preserved across browser refreshes. A record of completed activity may be saved by printing as a web page.