Poems of James McIntyre by McIntyre, James

[Illustration: James McIntyre]




"Fair Canada is our Theme, Land of rich cheese, milk and cream."


Registered, according to Act of Parliament, in the year 1884, by


In the Office of the Minister of Agriculture.


We received so many kind assurances from friends in this neighborhood and from gentlemen at a distance who had taken an interest in our first little work, that they induce us to issue this more comprehensive volume containing about one hundred new pieces. We have written a number of dairy odes recently; these and our patriotic songs composed during the past year we trust will make the work more interesting. We publish a few short pieces from many letters and poems we received from friends. We hope the public will peruse the poems in a friendly spirit, as a kind feeling towards all of the nationalities forming this young and vigorous Dominion has prompted us to publish these selections from our poetic works.




The following lines were received from Mr. William Murray of Hamilton:

"In writing you do not pretend With Tennysonian themes to blend, It is an independent style Begotten on Canadian soil."

From one of Toronto's well known citizens, S. H. Janes, Esq., formerly of Oxford:

I wish to express to you my great pleasure in looking over your musings on the Banks of Canadian Thames. It seemed to transport my memory across the chasm of twenty-five years and to call up the scenes, associations and joys of boyhood's happy hour. Literary work of this kind must add greatly to your pleasure and happiness as it certainly does to that of your friends.

The Editor of the Toronto Globe, after reviewing a number of other books pronounced our little volume to be the gem of the table.

Col. Denison, Toronto's police magistrate, "found many most interesting pieces on Canadian subjects in the volume."

Joaquin Miller, the American poet, hailed me as "my dear poet of the Canadian pasture fields," and he said I did wisely in singing of useful themes.

N. C. Thompson of Rockford, Ill., wrote us a large number of verses. We select the following:

"Your poem on the Bard of Ayr, I like the best, I think it rare, An equal love of Burns I share, And read him oft, O could I write like him 'twould bear My soul aloft."

Dr. Scadding, the Antiquarian, thought my poem on Father Rannie, the cheese pioneer, "had the ring of a fine old ballad about it."

From a poem by the Rev. John Dunbar, of Toronto, we give this extract:

As other duties made demand I only got your poems scanned, Marking the treatment of your pieces While wonder and surprise increases, Assured your book its way will win, So neat without, so nice within, Reserving as a promised pleasure The thorough reading at my leisure, Permit me now to each unknown To thank you for the kindness shown.

The Hon. Oliver Mowat was pleased with the patriotic spirit displayed in the poems.

From George McIntyre of Conestoga:

Surprised, delighted, beyond measure, I gazed upon the pretty treasure, And as it gives me such great pleasure, My thanks I send To him who in his hours of leisure Those verses penned.

A. G. Murray, a prominent clansman of Chicago, sent us the following:--I received your volume and I think a great deal of it. It is one of our family treasures and the reading of it brings before us the genial form of friend McIntyre, who pictures things so vividly, reminding us of days gone by.

From Rev. Robert Cameron of Denver, Colorado:

My whilom friend dear McIntyre, Your book of rhymes has come, Take thanks from all around our fire, For all have said well done; How many long and toilsome years Have passed since first we met, I was a lad twixt hopes and fears, And you'r a poet yet.


Canadian provinces they lay Divided by river and by bay, Many a separate division, Among them there was no cohesion.

But statesmen saw that a great nation Could be formed by federation, And soon they led public opinion To favor forming this Dominion.

North-West with its streams and fountains, With sources in the Rocky Mountains, It was all a great mystery, Hunting for furs its history.

Though North-West is filling slow Yet soon there will be mighty flow, Millions to North-West will hurry In last decade of century.

For therein is an opening grand In great fertile prairie land, For there the choicest wheat it grows Near where the Saskatchewan flows.

And on many a river's branch There is found great grazing ranch, Favoured districts therein abound Where cattle graze all the year round.

Protected from the stormy blast By the Rocky Mountains vast, Through canon blows no storm terrific, But balmy breezes from Pacific.


Canada is a young giant, Has not yet acquired its strength, On the arts of peace reliant, Throughout its vast breadth and length.

Though 'tis not famed for orange bowers Nor for the products of its vines, Though other lands have fairer flowers, Yet it to nobler gifts inclines.

It doth produce the golden grain And few lands can with it compete, They often try but all in vain To produce such splendid wheat.

Our geologists divine, That ere long we will behold Many a rich glittering mine Of copper, silver and of gold.

But we sing more glorious theme, It is our verdant pasture land, Where cows produce a flood of cream, Doth make cheese of the finest brand.

And great thoughts oftentimes awakes When we reflect on this wondrous land, With vast rivers and mighty lakes, All nature here's on scale so grand.

Young Dominion so gigantic, Where rail cars run at speed terrific, Thousands of miles from the Atlantic, Till in the West you reach Pacific.

From balmy breezes of lake Erie To the far north frozen ocean, Where it now seems lone and dreary, All will yet be life and motion.

Though nation's young its powerful fleet Doth sail on many a distant sea, For world's commerce to compete Her sails in all climes flowing free.


Hail Britannia's noblest daughter, Who is surrounded by the water Of many a lake and broad sea, Land of beaver and of maple tree.

Her lofty brow is wreathed with smiles, For from the far Atlantic isles In pomp have come their delegates, All seeking to unite their fates.

With Canada great northern queen, And now throughout the land is seen, High festival and stately dance, Triumphant nuptials to advance.

And soon shall Red River valley And distant Vancouver rally, To form this Empire gigantic From Pacific to Atlantic.


Lines written when the Prince of Wales was about embarking for Canada, May, 1860.

In his long voyage o'er the sea, To where doth grow the maple tree, May he be blest with pleasant gales, The coming man, the Prince of Wales.

The maple grows but in good soil, Where nature doth reward for toil The farmer splitting his fence rails, He welcome bids the Prince of Wales.

In the woods the axe is ringing And the yeoman merry singing, The song resounds o'er hills and dales, Our future king the Prince of Wales.

Round the brow of our future chief We'll weave a wreath of maple leaf, For o'er broad Canada prevails Kind feelings to the Prince of Wales.

When in this land the Prince arrives, May he have many pleasant drives, And on our lakes have merry sails, Great king of princes, Prince of Wales.


Small Scotland nobly held its own Against the might of England's throne, And shall this land with its vast bounds Shrink with fear ere the trumpet sounds.

While British blood doth course each vein, Proudly this heritage maintain, With fertile acres by the billions, Future homes for two hundred millions.

Each son could have a fertile farm, Brave men who ne'er will feel alarm, And they have both the nerve and skill To work land with a right good will.

And she has got within her shores Renowned mines of many ores, While her furnaces and forges Iron in useful shape disgorges.

Her mighty forests they do yield Lumber, her cities for to build, But her wealth is not in these alone, She has great quarries too of stone.

Industry it here doth bloom, And skilful webs come from each loom, One of great nations under sun, A mightier race it yet will run.

For with the Anglo-Saxon race No other people can keep pace, Here they have room for to expand Into a nation mighty grand.

With great railroads and canals, And care in legislative halls, A mighty future she will gain, And highest rank she will obtain.

Canada hopes it will be told, That she hath patriots brave and bold, To guide her helm shall be extolled, As loving country more than gold.


Hail Canada our young fair land, The world's respect it doth command; How quick her sons at war's alarms Sprang to her rescue with their arms.

In Canada the English rose, The shamrock and the thistle grows, United garland they combine Around the maple tree to twine.

They did march a brave gallant host From the far East Atlantic coast, Our Canada so proud and free, Four thousand miles from sea to sea.

Though skilful rebels did entrench, But their deadly fires our boys did quench, And victory it soon was won By our General Middleton.

And Colonel Williams left a name For Canada's temple of fame, A kind and a brave hearted man In hour of danger led the van.

The ninetieth regiment it fought well, And Winnipeg doth its glories tell, London boasts of her volunteers, For she prides in her Fusiliers.

Toronto troops have gained renown, And triumph their quick march did crown, For the relief of Battleford, And scattering of the Indian horde.

Our volunteers took up their arms, Each left his home and all its charms; Though many they were tender reared, No frost nor snow nor foe they feared.

Alas that youth so true and brave, So many now do fill a grave, And others they are maimed for life, While engaged in glorious strife.

We have sprung from a good brave stock, Rose, thistle and the shamrock, Who all in unity agree, 'Neath the shade of the maple tree.

The Indians soon came to grief, Under their great Poundmaker chief, And Toronto troops gained fame And Otter glory to his name.

We all felt proud of our gunboat And the brave crew of the Northcote, And of our scouts who captured Riel, Who in vain for mercy did appeal.

And may all quickly come to grief Who do not love the maple leaf, For they spring from a noble tree, Shades this land of the brave and free.


The following impromptu was given at a banquet to one of the captives of Fort Pit after he had related his experience.

Sad memories it doth awake, The death of those fell at Frog Lake, And trials of captives of Fort Pit When savages did capture it.

But soon Generals Strange and Steel Made savage hordes their power to feel, And they rescued women fair From the paws of the Big Bear.

Captives for days had naught to eat But steaks of tough and lean dog meat, In daily danger of their lives From bullets and from scalping knives.

When building big lodge for war dance, The cry is heard, the troops advance, To the white captives sounds so sweet, But savages they quick retreat.

A thrilling tale our guest[A] did tell, That close to him fell bursting shell, This shot it was not fired in vain, For several savages were slain.

Our bold troops great danger braved, So that white captives might be saved, Who suffered hunger, cold and damp, 'Mong savage hordes in bush and swamp.

Big Bear now they have pared his claws, He must atone for broken laws, Far away from his native lair, In prison strong they put Big Bear.



On the laying of the corner stone of the Brock monument at Queenston Heights, and the final interment of the General who had fallen at the battle of Queenston, Oct. 13th, 1812. The remains of his Aide, Col. McDonald, were also deposited under the new tower.

A wail went o'er broad Canada, When it was known a vile outlaw Had at midnight's awful hour, With ruffian hand blown up the tower.

'Neath which had slept the gallant Brock Who bravely fell on Queenston's rock, But graceful column soon shall rise, Its beauteous shaft will kiss the skies.

For from Queenston's woody height You may behold a pleasing sight, The grim old veterans of the war, Militiamen with many a scar.

Indian braves from each nation, Grouped to pay their last ovation, Round the remains of General Brock, Who led them oft in battle's shock.

Old heroes now again do rally, Feebly they move along the valley, Not as they rushed in days of yore When torrent like they onward bore.

And swept away the foeman's ranks O'er Niagara's rugged banks, So indignant was their grief On losing of their warrior chief.

Now with triumphant funeral car, Adorned with implements of war, The sad procession slow ascends, As round the hill its way it wends.

Marching to mournful, solemn note, While grand old flags around it float, And now may peace be never broken 'Mong lands where Saxon tongue is spoken.

"For peace hath victories by far More glorious than horrid war," England doth Longfellow revere, And America loves Shakespeare.

The oration on the above interesting occasion was delivered by the late Hon. William H. Merritt, projector of the Welland Canal. He served at the battle when a young man. We witnessed the interesting ceremony and shall never forget it.


Written at the time of the last excitement on the Niagara Frontier.

Rejoice, rejoice, we all do stand, United in one mighty band; No traitors in our land we find, All one in heart, all one in mind; Resolute in their opinion, None shall conquer our Dominion; For every man with dauntless mien Will rally round our flag and Queen.


In the land of woods and lakes, Pure happiness each one partakes, Who is sound in body and in mind, And to industry is inclined.

Here in great lakes we do take pride, And them with Uncle Sam divide, Other lakes seem inferior In size to great Superior.

And Canadians do take pride, In Huron's wide expanded tide, But it onward flows forever, Through St. Clair lake and river.

But soon again it doth expand, Into Erie's lake so grand, Then behold its wondrous charms, When embraced in Niagara's arms.

Then it more blessings doth bestow, On pure bosom of Ontario, Round it our towns and cities cluster, O'er it Toronto sheds her lustre.

And Ontario doth awake, The thought that 'tis our favorite lake; Several states approach Lake Erie, Each one claiming it for dearie.

But our fires of love do glow, Alone for Lake Ontario, Our love for it is so unbounded, We have almost it surrounded.

And the lands around its beaches, They are famed for grapes and peaches, 'Mong choicest fruits you ramble on From Niagara to Hamilton.

Ontario North is land of pines, A land of lakes and rocks and mines, And beneath dark pine tree shade, How happy is the youth and maid.

For here in summer you keep cool, And fish for trout in sparkling pool, For pike or salmon you can spear, And in the season hunt the deer.

In great northern hunting ground, Where both fish and game abound, And verdant pastures here are seen, Where cattle graze 'mong sweetest green.

In the far north a land of pines, And in the south we have the vines, Where each year adds into the charms, Surrounds the homesteads on the farms.

Nature our province doth endow, With hardy sons to guide the plow, In south we have the fruitful soil, Where nature's bounties on us smile.

We have got rich plains and highlands, Ontario hath thousand islands, And there is a great array Of charming isles on Georgian Bay.

And travellers all they do adore, The lovely isles near Huron's shore, Superior makes a grand display, All round her shores to Thunder Bay.

Muskoka's famed for woods and brakes, For rocks and meadows and clear lakes, And sportsmen for it proudly claim That 'tis a land for fish and game.

There doth arise a sweet aroma From great spruce forests of Algoma, And from the poplar, birch and pine, There too is wealth in many a mine.

It may be that of mines the best, Will be found in Ontario West, Stretching towards the interior, Three hundred miles west of Superior.

Essex is our sunny south, At the Detroit river's mouth, There the sun doth cheerful smile On the grape vineyards of Pelee Isle.

Pioneer's axe it now doth ring, On the shores of Nipissing, And some do locate claims away To distant north around James' Bay.


We have here a sight as fair As bonnie Doon or banks of Ayr, Like modest worth meandering slow The quiet waters gently flow, Rose, thistle, shamrock, all combine, Around the maple leaf to twine, Whose outstretched arms so gigantic Clasp Pacific and Atlantic, Embracing lakes like burnished gold, With joy a Shakespeare might behold, For either Poet Burns or Moore[B] Such scenery they would adore.

[B] Tom Moore paddled his own canoe along the Canadian shore of Lake Erie and was enraptured with the view. He landed and remained over night at a farm house. His Canadian Boat Song is immortal.


It happened once in early spring, While there did float great thick ice cakes, That then a gale did quickly bring Them all down from the upper lakes.

And from Buffalo to Lake Erie, Across the entrance to river, It was a scene of icebergs dreary, Those who saw will remember ever.

Then gale blew up lake and river, And left Niagara almost dry, This a lady did discover As above the Falls she cast her eye.

Such scene it had been witnessed never, Since Israelites crossed the Red Sea, When they had resolved forever From Pharaoh's bondage to flee.

Lady she resolved to venture, Proudly carrying British flag, Erecting it in river's centre In crevice of a rocky crag.

It seems like a romance by Bulwer, How she captured Niagara, But it was seen by Bishop Fuller, Who did at sight of flag hurrah.

Ten thousand years may die away Before another dry can tread, In bottom of Niagara, For she doth jealous guard her bed.

But ice her entrance did blockade, And wind it kept the waters back, So that a child could almost wade Across the brink of cataract.


When Indian tribes in the Northwest Rebelled against the Eastern laws, Canadian courage it did test, All were united in the cause.

But how shall volunteers proceed Such distance, several thousand miles, Will they in their dark hour of need Ask Uncle Sam with pleasant smiles

For to allow our volunteers To pass o'er their north railroad, Perhaps subject to doubts and fears, Where British soldiers never trod.

But there went up a glad hurrah When it was found that in our land, Almost finished was railway, And trains do wait for word command,

To bear away our volunteers To those far North distant lands, But dispelled were all their fears When they rode over those steel bands,

Which bound young nation all in one, Before detached and all apart, Shoulder to shoulder now each one Feels patriot feelings in his heart,

First time we truly realize The value of this great railway, Its benefits each now doth prize, Highway to Japan and Australia.

The policy it has proved wise, Which did build this great railway, The vast Northwest to colonize, And bear its products far away.

Canadian flags are now unfurled In the ports of the Chinese, Short route to Oriental world Gives Canada her cheap fine teas.


Lines written on the arrival of Governor Lorne and the Princess Louise in Canada.

The tidings now all hearts do please, That she has landed safe, Louise, Victoria's beloved daughter, Who boldly has crossed the water, For royal Princess doth adorn The title of the Lord of Lorne, For this union it doth join Campbell with Royal Stewart line; Lorne will be Duke of broad Argyle, And the Lord of many an Isle. When he inherits broad domain May he strive tenants hearts to gain. To us it seems a brighter morn Hath dawned on us with Governor Lorne, And when they visited this place True happiness beamed on each face, The first white child who here was born Presented was to Governor Lorne, From Forest 'ere it was reclaimed, Our fine town after him was named.


Burns sang of joys of Hallowe'en But in Canada is often seen By far more jolly times than these At logging raising, paring bees, For here the youth is not afraid To trip it with a pretty maid, For this at night is his reward For working at the bee so hard, And oft times till the break of day At forfeits they will merry play, For he doth win e'en though he miss, If from sweet lass he gets a kiss, But in its place doth justly prize His tea and cakes and pumpkin pies.

When winter comes it brings no gloom But makes fresh pleasures spring and bloom, For when the youth longs for a bride He gives his girl a grand sleigh ride, Which to them both doth pleasures bring While merry sleigh bells cheery ring, And with the fair maid of his choice He graceful skates with her on ice, Charming mode of locomotion Gliding o'er a polished ocean, Such joys they soon do love evolve, And they on union do resolve, He is happy with his chosen, For warm love gets never frozen.

And young folks oft they do take pride, How swift they down the hill can glide, And they bravely dare the frost king So they may enjoy the coasting, Each striving for to lead the van In the swift shooting toboggan.

And on the ice men love to hurl The polished blocks to skilful curl, And curlers all do proudly claim Their's is a manly healthy game, And in Canadians you trace A generous, hardy and brave race.

And brilliant as a fairy hall Is scenes on ice at carnival, Before the gale in an ice boat It swiftly o'er the ice doth float, The sensation is you fly Like lightning shooting through the sky.

In summer time the youth do toss The baseball and do play lacrosse, And tradition doth for it claim That 'tis an ancient Indian game, And if a foe invade we can, Drive them back with clubs Canadian.


Gazing on rapids mighty sea, Struggling fiercely to be free, But drawn downwards in its course By gravitation's wondrous force, O'er those perpendicular walls, Hurled 'mong mighty rocks it falls, Causing the earth to throb and shake Like to the tremor of earthquake.

Thus the world's greatest wonder Reverberates like peals of thunder, Enshrined with mist and beauteous glow Of varied tints of the rainbow, Most glorious sight the human eye Hath ever seen beneath the sky, Along these banks none ever trod But did feel grateful to his God, For lavishing with bounteous hand Glories majestic and so grand.

The foaming billows soon are seen Transformed into a beauteous green, Plunged by whirlpools dread commotion It becomes a seething ocean, Where furies join in surging dance From centre to circumference, This is the favorite abode Of Neptune, mightiest sea God, He hath decreed none shall survive Who will into this vortex dive.

Webb swam the English channel brave, Like seabird he did love to lave His breast upon the mightiest wave, Alas, found here a watery grave; Torrent onward rushes frantic On its course to the Atlantic, But on its way doth gently flow Through blue lake Ontario, Rejoicing on its way it smiles, Kissing the shores of Thousand Isles, Mingling with St. Lawrance motion, It soon is blended with the ocean.


With a glance at Sir John A. Macdonald and Blake, the two living leaders, 1884.

Joseph Howe, none higher stood than thou, Thou wert a man with lofty brow; D'Arcy McGee, so brilliant and free, From green isle you came o'er the sea.

George Cartier to the French ever dear, So high you stood without a peer; John Sandfield for long you did build Power under economy's shield.

George Brown, thou man of renown, Confederation you did crown; You now are all free from the strife The wrangle and jangle of political life.

But if a glance at this world you take You will there see John A. and Blake, But Sir John the greatest power doth wield, Our Canadian Beaconsfield.


In early times the pioneer When a few acres he did clear, He found 'an ample recompense For splitting rails and making fence.

Though it was crooked as a snake, And zigzag style did not awake, He thought it was a thing of beauty, Yet in its day it did its duty.

And though the old snake fence must fall, 'Twas easy made, axe, wedge and maul, Were all the tools the pioneer Required the old rail fence to rear.

And the old pioneer could boast Of fence that did not need a post, To build it now is waste of timber, And fertile lands it doth cumber.

And pine stump fence with its sharp roots Will long endure and ward off brutes, For the crops they ample shield And do protect each separate field.

But old style fence doth waste much land, Where weeds do grow and bush expand, And thistle down doth blow from thence, So folks build wire and the board fence.


The British soldiers on the Nile With gratitude did kindly smile, On the Canadian voyageurs Who skilfully did ply their oars.

And they invoked their benison On boatsmen led by Denison, Neither the rapids nor the falls Along the Nile these braves appals.

For in such toils they did partake, On each native stream and lake, Thoughts of their homes in visions throng, While singing Canadian boat song.

And they all hoped again to see The glorious land of maple tree, From their memories they never Forgot the land of lake and river.

While up the Nile they do advance They dream about their own St. Lawrence, And Manitoba's streams and lakes, Pleasant reflections oft awakes.

And thus each day they cheerful toil, Ascending of old Father Nile, Whose waters fertilize the soil, And is the home of crocodile.

Wolseley he had exhibition In Red River expedition, How these voyageurs could steer, Or with the axe a roadway clear.

Those who speak the tongue of France, From the banks of the St. Lawrence, At call to arms quick advance, With rifle, bayonet and lance.


The first winter which I did spend In Canada was with a friend, And when the snow had passed away Quite early in the month of May.

Friend started off for a barn raising, And told me to get stumps ablazing, Around each stump I heaped a pile Of roots and junks of wood so vile.

For he wished the field to clear So it a crop of wheat would rear, And there was one high withered pine Which was full of turpentine.

As soon as I applied the torch, Blaze quick did start and it did scorch The fences, and the woods were nigh, For the old tree it blazed on high.

I was the only man or boy Near there that day and found employ In saving of the house and barn, Thus early fire fiend did me warn.

Fire started and with it a breeze Carried the sparks 'mong leaves of trees, I did work hard but for recompense All was saved but a few rails of fence.

Man in spring logging oft awakes From winter slumbers nests of snakes, And listens to the music grand Of bull frogs, our Canadian band.


Our first Canadian job when boy, In the big woods we did enjoy, Large maple bush we then did tap And to camp carried maple sap.

We stored it in great wooden trough, Then in big kettles sugared off, Though often it did try our mettle To keep up fire beneath each kettle.

For it was a serious toil To cut the wood to kettles boil, To-night it is a pleasant joke, No trouble from the fire and smoke.

Of old we thought our neck was broke By having on it a neckyoke, And on each side a heavy pail Suspended from the yoke by bail.

We waded through the snow and slush And stumbled o'er the logs in bush, But no doubt the maple's sweeter Than any other thing in meter.

Unless it is the lips of lass, Which maple sugar doth surpass, And may it be each young man's fate For to secure a charming mate.

For birds will soon begin to sing And seek their mates in early spring, When found each pair do feel they're blest, When they have finished their warm nest.

Let none at sugar making scoff, Webster was rocked in a sap trough; When boiling sap it is quite handy To pour some in snow to make candy.


An English youth to Canada came, A labourer, John Roe by name, His little wealth had made him bold, Twenty sovereigns in gold; He was industrious and wise And e'en small sums did not despise, He added to his wealth each year For independence he loved dear, He knew a laborer he would be Forever in the old country, His forefathers had tilled the ground And never one had saved a pound. On beds of down they did not lie And frugally their goods did buy, Their one luxury around their door A few choice flowers their garden bore, But never hoped to own the soil But serve as hinds to sweat and toil, To work and toil for him had charm He hoped some day to own a farm, So he hired with Reuben Tripp The wealthiest man in the township. Tripp's only child, his daughter Jane, He sought her love and not in vain, As Jacob served for Rachel dear So John he served year after year, Till rich enough to buy bush farm For to chop down with his strong arm. The truest nobleman of all He lives not in ancestral hall, But sheltereth family from harm By logs rolled up by his strong arm, In this young glorious land so free Where each may rear his own roof tree, And the chief glory of old days Broad fire place where big logs did blaze, As much as four strong men could handle, They served alike for heat and candle; He his young oxen did adorn With fine gay ribbons on each horn, And to his home with joy and pride He did bring sweet blooming bride, Such happiness is seldom seen, Happier far than king or queen; She helped him in the fields to reap, And spun the wool from off the sheep, All they required they had for both, Of her own weaving of good cloth, And she was a good tailoress, Did make his coat and her own dress; The golden butter that she made Was of the very finest grade, Each grace and virtue she possess'd, Where'er she was, that spot was blessed, And though they did not have stove then, Neither did they own an oven; She filled large pot with well knead dough And baked fine bread 'mong embers glow; He each winter the forest trees Did quickly hew them down with ease, For he to work had a desire And the skill did soon acquire, But round great giants hewed a ring Then storms would soon them prostrate bring, For many a time the furious breeze Would quick o'erthrow the girdled trees, And sometimes they would kill the cows When they did feed on grass or browse, But after reckoning damage all A benefit was each windfall; Though good fortune now he sees Might have been got from Walnut trees; But trees were foes in his hurry, All were slain, both oak and cherry, And to this day he doth incline To mourn o'er slaughter of the pine, And reflects how he did o'erwhelm Many a maple, beech and elm; And each summer day did toil With his steers drawing logs in pile; These giants of the forest dead, Fire did reduce to an ash bed, And soon potatoes, wheat and corn, They did the rugged stumps adorn, And Jane did help him with the hoe, And well she did keep her row: No organs then they had to play, But she could work and sing all day; In spring he did live maples tap To draw from them the luscious sap, He gathered it in big log trough, Then boiled it down and sugared off, Enough the household for to cheer, With all its sweets for the whole year, And no such thing those times were seen As the swift raising stump machine, And where main road was low and damp With logs he built a road through swamp, But a smooth ride could not enjoy While it was naught but corduroy, Each year added earth and gravel, Now smoothly o'er they can travel, For it doth make an excellent road For John and Jane to go abroad, And it is now a great highway Where hundreds travel every day. There were no roads in early days But bridle path, their guide the blaze, And mills and marts so far away, They never could return same day; Log school house served as church for all, Of various creeds, and for town hall. These scenes to youth do now seem strange So wondrous quick hath been the change, O'er paths where oxen only trod, Cows quickly speed o'er the railroad, And every way both up and down There has sprung up a thriving town. No more he fights with forest trees, But both enjoy their wealth and ease, Long since the old folks both are gone And left the whole to Jane and John; The log house now has passed away With all its chinks filled in with clay, And in its place fine house of stone With lawn where choice shrubs are grown. With sons and daughters they are blest, The young men say they'll move Northwest; This gives their mother some alarm, She wants them still on the home farm, But father will not have them tarry They can plow so quick on prairie, And they find coal makes a good fire, And build their fences of barbed wire They would not be forever gone As they could talk by telephone.

We have been congratulated by many on the truthfulness of the Romance of Canada. They declare it is not a romance but a true picture of rise and progress of worthy people in Canada.



"We had a dream which was not all a dream."--Byron.

I laid me down one day in June, It was late long afternoon, A very sultry summer's eve, Such times the senses oft deceive, The place was 'neath a maple tree, Soon from all cares and troubles free, By a gentle, kindly slumber, No more our sorrows we could number, But we heard a plaintive wail Such as we find in fairy tale, It was the genius of the tree Who in sad guise appeared to me, And then she sadly did give vent Unto this awful grave lament: Though I am gay in month of June, All decked in green, yet very soon, Alas my beauty will be faded And my charms be all degraded, For is my time of glory brief, So often flattered is my leaf. In Canada so broad and free All poets sing of the maple tree, High I stand in their opinion, Emblem of the New Dominion, The reason I do them upbraid Some never slept beneath my shade, And yet they take the liberty To chant about the maple tree, They dare to poetise my leaf, This is the source of all my grief, I think their praises all so rude And as but base ingratitude, So often hackneyed is my name That every fall I burn with shame, Like maiden's cheek which blushes red When vain rash youth asks her to wed, Then do these foolish ones descry In me fresh beauty and they sigh, And then renew their songs of praise. But unto me how sad their lays, For then I know my days are brief, 'Tis hectic flush upon my leaf; True poets then should mournful sing When the destroyer's on the wing, For then I know my leaves of gold Will all soon mingle with the mould, No one does ever think to praise The fell destroyer when he slays, None rejoice in the flushed cheek When the poor girl is low and weak, Perhaps they'll say and it is true In spring my glories I'll renew, But 'tis poor comfort after all To lose my offspring every fall, Small consolation to mother To tell her that soon another Will replace her fond darling boy Who has been source of all her joy, But you know all about my wood You know that it is strong and good, And I have full many a curl And pleasing eye and charming nurl, Some love me as fond nature grained And some prefer my beauty stained, But my dear friend I hope that you My varied shades love pure and true, For of the woods you know the staple Stoutest and best is good maple, The youth my sugar eat with glee, And old maids love me in their tea, In me do various uses meet In summer shade, in winter heat, For I do make a glorious blaze All worthy of the poet's lays, But to their praises I'll be deaf If more they harp about my leaf. They call me gay when I am sober To me 'tis gloomy month October, But saints on earth when they die Hope for true bliss beyond the sky, So winter does bring no alarms Though it strip bare my trunk and arms, For now I know that time will bring More glorious foliage in the spring, Then all nature will rejoice Triumphing with glorious voice, And birds will in my branches sing Hosannas to the lovely spring.

The nurls and birds' eyes and curls were highly prized in furniture thirty years ago, when we used the smooth plain.


(Life of the early settlers.)

Canada hath wealthy yeomen Whose fathers overcome the foemen, The enemy they boldly slew Was mighty forests they did hew, And where they burned heaps of slain Their sons now reap the golden grain, But in the region of Northwest With prairie farms they are blest. Though this to them it may seem good Yet many blessings come from wood, It shelters you from the fierce storm And in the winter keeps you warm, For one who hath his forest trees He builds his house and barn with ease, And how quick he gets from thence Timber for bridge and for his fence.


We let Ontario farmers sing About the joys the woods do bring, But we in regions of Northwest Do think prairie farms the best, For those poor men who swing the axe On their strength 'tis a heavy tax, For several years they naught can grow While from the first we plow and sow, And while we plow we don't get thumps By running it against the stumps, And where wild Buffalo now doth feed There very soon they'll sow the seed, Where Indian wigwams now do stand Will be the site of cities grand, And where the deer and wolf doth roam Millions will build each happy home, So quick as if by magic wand They will arise o'er the whole land, But this one fact we won't deny Ontario she can supply, For so skilfully she doth invent Each agricultural implement.


The following response to Canada our home was given at a banquet of the Caledonian Society, Ingersoll:

In responding to the sentiment Canada our home perhaps it would be appropriate to point out the prominent and distinguishing characteristics between the land of our nativity and the land of our adoption. In this Canada of ours we have no bonny blooming heath, no banks and braes covered o'er with daisies and gowans, no fragrant hedges showering down white spray in the May time, no whin and broom prodigal in their gaiety of yellow flowers, no hills nor glens where fairies gambol in pleasant and harmless sport, no grand ruins of ancient cathedrals and castles, no feathered songsters like the mavis and blackbird.

Full oft we did enraptured hark To heavenly song of the skylark.

But Canada is a young giant in its infancy with the noblest chain of lakes in the world on its frontier, and the most magnificent river the St. Lawrence. This land also possesses the largest fertile wilderness on the globe, but it is one which will ere many years have passed away, blossom like a garden, and where naught but grass and flowers now grow in wild luxuriance. Soon the husbandman will plow and sow and reap a rich reward in yellow golden grain. Domestic cattle quiet will graze where now the Buffalos roam and in spots now covered o'er with Indian wigwams, where white men never trod cities will occupy their sites with busy trade and millions flock from eastern lands to take possession of the great Northwest. Then Winnipeg perchance may be the capital of the Dominion. In the day foretold when this indeed shall be the "Greater Britain" with Ontario's towns for workshops for this vast prairie land.

Then poets will arise and high their lays will soar, Worthy of the muse of a Burns or a Moore, A Shakespeare and a Milton, the great and the wise, Will sing of the glories of our northern skies, Of its lakes and rivers and its mountains grand, Of its fertile plains and great prairie land, A fit theme for song this empire gigantic, Whose arms stretch from Pacific to Atlantic.


Once, while digging 'neath the snow, 'Mid Canadian winter, lo! To our joy and surprise We saw some violets in full bloom, Gazing at us with loving eyes, Thanking us for opening their tomb, Yet still they seemed so cozy and nice Enshrined in the crystal ice, While all else were drooping dead Gaily they held up their head.


Here industry is not in vain, For we have bounteous crops of grain, And you behold on every field Of grass and roots abundant yield, But after all the greatest charm Is the snug home upon the farm, And stone walls now keep cattle warm.


By the side of a moss Lived young Donald Ross, Among the heathery hills And the mountain rills, In a snug little cot Content with his lot He never knew sorrow With his wife and wee Flora.

But an order went forth O'er the land of the north, To burn many a home So the wild deer might roam, With grief he then did toss Every night Donald Ross, And sad seemed the morrow For his wife and sma' Flora.

O it was a cruel deed But nobles do not heed The sorrows of the poor Drove on a barren moor, Where he wove a wreath Of the blooming heath, For to crown with glory The brow of little Flory.

He then bade farewell To his mountain dell, Where his fathers appears Had lived a thousand years, With their few goats and sheep Which feed on hills so steep, O it was a sad story For bonnie little Flory.

He sought a distant strand, In Canada bought land, To him a glorious charm To view his own broad farm, His horses and his cows, Cultivators and plows, And now his daughter Flora She is the flower of Zorra.


On the shores of the northern lakes An infant giant now awakes, He has long time been in a dream, But now is roused by engine's scream.

For mighty spirits are abroad Traversing of each great railroad, For it is a glorious theme The peaceful conquest made by steam.

But should the foot of invader vile Ever desecrate his soil, He firm will meet him bold and brave And give him soil Canadian grave.


'Tis noble for to fight for home, But some nations fight to plunder, For conquest o'er the world to roam, To tear peaceful lands asunder.

For to give wealth and a great name To some aspiring commander, Who wishes to acquire great fame As a modern Alexander.

Statesmen and kings a war will wage, And many thousands strew the plain, Covered with gore in the carnage, Where brave and noble men are slain.

Leaving their families to mourn, Now who can soothe the ills of life, To them they never shall return, No one can now cheer the poor wife.

Or the sweet little orphans dear Think of father and of mother, Of sweetheart, sister and of brother, Who oft will shed the fruitless tear.



In giving a glance at various Canadian authors perhaps it would be well to commence with that early writer Mrs. Moody. She was a sister of the celebrated Agnes Strickland, author of "The Queens of England."

When this country it was woody, Its great champion Mrs. Moody, Showed she had both pluck and push In her work roughing in the bush.

For there alone she did dwell At time McKenzie did rebel, Outbreak her husband strove to quell, Her own grand struggles she doth tell.

Round bush life she threw a glory, Pioneer renowned in story, But her tale it is more cheering When she wrote about the clearing.

Her other sister Mrs. Traill[C] Though eighty-seven she doth not fail, She now is writing of wild flowers Grown in Canada's woody bowers.

[C] Mrs. Traill lives near Peterboro. Mrs. Moody died in Toronto. I sent her a copy of my poems in 1885, and she thanked me for the same through a friend as she was in feeble health at the time.


Having been kindly invited as a member of the Mechanics' Institute some 25 years ago by the late Jeremiah O'Neill, Esq., to meet that gentleman in company with a number of our townsmen, when Mr. McGee was rising from the table the chair being new stuck to him, and it being near a general election he very wittily remarked that he hoped the people of Montreal would be as anxious to retain him in his seat as the people here are. We wrote the following lines at the time, the last verse was added afterwards.

D Arcy McGee, All compliment thee, The hope of the land On your lecture so grand.

Though that is your forte, Oh give us the sport Of an hour of your chat, Then we'll laugh and grow fat.

For none but the vile Could 'ere cease to smile, When near to thee So brilliant and free.

Plant of green Erin's isle, Long in Canadian soil, May you take deep root And bear much noble fruit.

Our hopes were in vain, Alas he is slain, By a crankish hand The flower of the land.


About one third of a century ago there flourished in Canada three Scottish editors, all of whom were poets, McQueen of the Huron Signal, Goderich, who wrote a grand song on "Our Broad Lake," and McGeorge of the Streetsville Review. The following lines are on George Menzies who was a Woodstock editor.

One day while passing 'long the road On a small book we almost trod, Its leaves were scattered o'er the ground, We picked them up and when we found

The author's name, it did inspire Us with a very strong desire To read the little volume through, For most of it to us was new.

He doth sing of land of heather And Canadian scenes together, He did adore Niagara's roar Where mighty flood o'er fall doth pour.

But poets lives are often brief And he had his full share of grief, Which to his life did gloom impart, But he bore up with his brave heart.

* * * * *

Lines sent to Thomas Conant of Oshawa, a writer of Canadian sketches

We do greet thee Thomas Conant, You truthful paint Canadian charms, And you are the great exponent Of beauties of her woods and farms.

You give fine sketch of bird and fowl, Of the blue jay and the plover, And of great white Canadian owl, All proves of nature you're a lover.


Robert F. Gourley was a graduate of St. Andrew's University, Scotland. He was the first to agitate for popular rights in Canada. He was banished from the country and while crossing the Niagara River he asked for a brush to wipe Canadian dust from his feet. He became a champion of popular rights in England and he whipped Lord Brougham in the lobby of the House of Commons, for which breach of privilege he was sentenced by the House. Mr. Gourley owned several farms in Oxford, Ontario, and sought to represent South Oxford in 1858, but Dr. Connor, an uncle of Hon. E. Blake, won the seat; Mr. Blake was his uncle's secretary through the contest when he was a youth.

There came to Oxford Robert Gourley, In his old age his health was poorly; He was a relic of the past, In his dotage sinking fast; Yet he was erect and tall Like noble ruined castle wall. In early times they did him impeach For demanding right of speech, Now Oxford he wished to represent In Canadian parliament, But him the riding did not honor, But elected Doctor Connor.

* * * * *

Lines sent to Alexander McLaughlan, Amaranth Station, with a copy of my poems:

We send to you these rugged rhymes In memory of the olden times, Great chief of our poetic clan, Admired by all, McLaughlan.


The district lying South of Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe, including Toronto.

My friends we sing Canadian themes, For in them we proudly glory, Her lakes and rivers and her streams, Worthy of renown in story; And in these leaves we hope is strewn Some wheat among the chaff, And maple boughs by rude axe hewn, Where one may find a rustic staff; To help him o'er the rugged lines If he to weariness inclines. Some see no beauties near to home, But do admire the distant far, They always love abroad to roam, View glory in but far off star; But let it never be forgot That distant hills when closer seen Are after all a barren spot Not like your own hills clad in green; You'll find they are but idle dreams To seek for happiness afar. At home there's lovely lakes and streams, Remain content now where you are; At us we hope you will not rage Because we sing of local charms In each varied town and village As well as round our local farms, But our address it must be brief, So now we bid you all adieu, But of our book pray read each leaf Until the whole you have gone through; Each one doth know it is not wise, Though our songs may not be vocal, Chants of our home for to despise, But prize them 'cause they are local.


Meanderings of a stream rises twenty miles north of Toronto and sweeps around the whole of Southern Ontario.

We love to sing of tiny stream, Through the lowland meadows running, To us it is a pleasing theme, Tracing it from first beginning.

'Tis strange how far a brook will roam, Moving onwards in its motion, And not content till it reaches home, Two thousand miles to distant ocean.

In county York springs a small brook, A few miles north of Ontario, But it doth take a wondrous crook, It northward many miles doth flow.

Brook's progress south is stopped by ridge, Doth debar its southern course, So a long journey it don't grudge, But slowly on its way doth force.

And it discharges at its mouth Into the pure clear lake Simcoe, It still flows north for to get south, As onward still its course doth go.

Rejoicing along its way, Hundreds of miles it doth flow west, Blended in the Georgian Bay, For a moment it doth not rest.

Mingling with Huron and St. Clair, Erie and Niagara river, Even at the Falls it don't despair, But it cheerful flows forever.

One thousand miles round an ox bow, It hath flowed back near its first start, To waters of Ontario, Where ridge at first kept it apart.

From south of ridge two rivers flow, Both the Don and the Humber, Embracing city of Toronto, Hath attractions without number.

The fame will spread far and wide, First of Don and then of Humber, Improved rivers like to the Clyde, With wharves for coal, wood, iron and lumber.


Lines read at the Welland House, St. Catharines, at a banquet given to the members in attendance at the Oddfellows' Grand Lodge.

St. Catharines famed for mineral waters And for the beauty of her daughters, For some do worship at the shrines Of the fair St. Catharines.

St. Catharines your greatness you inherit From the genius of a Merritt, You still would be a village dreary But for this canal from lake Erie.

For on its bosom there doth float Full many a ship and steamboat, Brings world's commerce to your doors And many gifts on you it pours.

Among its many great rewards It gives you dry docks and ship yards, To drive your mills great water power It doth give you as a dower.

Since we above lines did compose, Through new canal vast stream it flows, The lock gates at the hill at Thorold Can not be equaled in the world.


In these sketches of towns in Southern Ontario we are not vain enough to suppose that because we have produced some lines thereon that said rhymes are poetry. If we furnish an occasional poetic gleam like a dewdrop sparkling in the sun, it is all we dare hope for.

Brantford as thriving city's famed, And after Indian Chief is named, And here the sparkling Grand River It doth flow a joy forever.

Campbell he sang a dismal tale Of horrors of Wyoming's vale, The tale one's mind doth ever haunt, The cruelties of monster Brant.

But the Chief's son to England went And Campbell to him did lament, And all the tale he did recant About cruel butcheries of Brant.

Now pleasant thoughts it doth awake When Brantford thinks of her namesake, She evermore with pride will chant The bold heroic name of Brant.

We sing of two great Indian names, Tecumseh on the banks of Thames, And the Grand River it doth vaunt O'er the historic name of Brant.

The city's pride it doth find vent In building him a monument, And Indians will proudly stalk Past memorial of great Mohawk.


McCready, the great Irish tragedian, said that the view from Thorold was the finest in America.

Thorold is famous for its mills, And the grand view from off its hills, A view so charming and extended, Nature's beauties sweetly blended.

Poetic thoughts it doth awake To view Ontario's broad lake, And husbandmen have their reward in Fruits of this Provincial garden.

For from the hill you see below Gardens where choice fruits do grow, The landscape all within your reach Doth both produce the grape and peach.

McCready said in the New World The finest view was from Thorold, You see St. Catharines thriving town And steamers sailing up and down.

And you can see on a clear day All along Toronto Bay, And you clearly see the haze Where Niagara doth amaze.

And glance where Grimsby's gardens yield Or view Beamsville's fruitful field, Then this thought you can advance, This is Canada's sunny France.

You see Niagara's ancient town[D] Though it has lost us old renown, And you have a splendid view Of boats on old canal and new.

[D] Niagara once the capital of Upper Canada and an important fortress at the mouth of the Niagara River.

ST. THOMAS, 1884.

At time of Oddfellows Grand Lodge meeting.

Oddfellows once they had to trudge O'er rough stage road to the Grand Lodge, But now they town of metal seek And find it on the Kettle Creek.

For industry it here prevails As it was built by the steel rails, And here the wide expanded bridges Do connect the distant ridges.

No more need to stay at home as There's lots of railroads to St. Thomas, You pluckily did boldly venture, Now you are great railroad centre.

Your city now it hath high hopes From its great railway workshops, And higher yet it still will rise, This seat of so much enterprise.

When young man wants a wedded mate He seeks Alma girl graduate, And he loves her Alma mater For the sake of her charming daughter.


John Galt was the manager of the Canada Company's lands, and he was a Scottish Novelist. Dunlop was at one time an eminent British Journalist, but he finally settled near Goderich. The town of Galt is named after John Galt.

John Galt and Doctor Dunlop witty They located and planned the city Of Guelph, and they cut the first tree down, The stump was the centre of the town.

From thence the streets radiate like fan, And they projected on this same plan The towns of Stratford and Goderich, The last it stands near broad Huron's beach,

Conspicuous on a bluff so grand, 'Neath which doth flow the clear Maitland, Of glorious view you may partake, Gazing on Huron's mighty lake.


After him who did the mills own, This place was called in honor Tilson; Bright gleaming like to a beaming star, Is clear waters of the Otter.

And it doth form here a vast pond, Which extends for miles beyond, A fortune on town it will shower, This prodigious water power.

No other spots to youth appear, Like lovely little lakes round here, And few small towns have fine roadway Lined with brick blocks like your broadway.


In winter time 'tis sad and dreary For to gaze on stormy Erie, But here in summer time this port It is a fashionable resort, For then it is always cheery For to gaze upon Lake Erie.

Or on the steamer you can sail All independent of the gale, Or here the youth can ply the oar And view the fast receding shore, And be happy with his dearie On the bosom of Lake Erie.

No one here need ever weary On the borders of Lake Erie, With quadrille parties at Stanley And games and sports all so manly, Or bathe in waves with friends near thee, You fear no storms of Lake Erie.


The following lines were given at a concert when Port Burwell was a busy port and there had been a race on the ice the day before.

In winter time who here resort, To pay a visit to your busy port, They must be clad in fur well, For it blows cold at Burwell; But when you wish to trot your horse You make Lake Erie your race course, And we believe at every heat All other horses you do beat.


"The muse nae poet ever fand her Till by himsel' he learned to wander Adown some trotting burn's meander." --Burns.

The valley of the Thames, we presume, includes Stratford on the north and Woodstock and Ingersoll on the south. The Avon, on whose banks Stratford is located, joins the Thames near St. Marys. The middle branch flows through Embro and Thamesford. The south and middle branches unite and flow through Dorchester and Westminster and blend with the northern branch at London, where it deviates to Elgin in the south.


England has given us the names To adorn Canadian Thames, And charms to them she has lent In Oxford, Middlesex and Kent, She Essex kisseth in her mouth, And Scottish names, one north, one south, And London now it justly claims 'Tis capital of vale of Thames, And her strong castellated tower Doth on the river frowning lower, And Chatham is the river's port, There slaves for freedom did resort, And they did industrious toil, And now many own the soil, Stratford now shall be our theme, On Avon tributary stream, And its clear waters it doth launch Into the Thames northern branch, Near that substantial stone town St. Mary's with mills of renown, Westward it winds past each town, Growing broader as it flows down, Onward it glides never weary, Meandering so soft and cheery. The sunbeam on the waters glance, Skipping about in silvery dance, From morn till eve the cattle feed 'Neath lofty elms along the mead. And on its banks in warrior pride The brave Tecumseh fought and died, And it has now historic claims The famous battle of the Thames. Now soon the waters meet and pair With the wavelets of St. Clair, As maids when wed do lose their names, No longer it is called the Thames. Rejoicing on its way it smiles, Kissing the shores of Thousand Isles, Mingling with St. Lawrance motion, It soon is blended with the ocean.

LONDON FLOOD, JULY 11th, 1883.

From the long continuous rains O'erflowing were the swamps and drains, For each day had its heavy shower, Torrents fell for many an hour; At London where two branches join It seem'd two furies did combine, For to spread far both death and woe, With their wild, raging overflow; E'en houses did on waters float, As though each had been built for boat, And where was wealth and joy and bloom, Soon naught but inmates of the tomb; Flood o'erflowed both vale and ridges, And swept railroads, dams and bridges, A mother climbed in tree to save Her infant from a watery grave, But on the house you saw its blood Where it was crushed 'gainst tree by flood; Where cottages 'mong gardens stood 'Tis covered o'er with vile drift wood, O'er flowers and bushes you may travel For they are buried under gravel, Or you may walk o'er barren sand, The crops washed out and fertile land; Two funerals we at once did see Of one family who lost three; No longer river's deep and wide But gently flows to distant tide.


At London Thames is a broad stream, Which was the scene of a sad theme, A fragile steamer there did play, O'ercrowded on a Queen's Birthday, While all on board was bright and gay, But soon 'neath the cold waters lay, Naught but forms of lifeless clay, Which made, alas! sad month of May.


English Woodstock had a palace Where the Queen in jealous malice Slew romance's fairest flower, Fair Rosamond in secret bower; Our Woodstock pleasing county town, This brings it both wealth and renown, To your strong castle some are sent To give them leisure to repent. A charming vista you do view Gazing on each street and avenue, Mansions and lawn embowered 'mong trees Where wealthy owners live at ease, And through the air there sweetly floats Harmonious Woodstock organ notes, And men employment secure In factory for furniture; Old Oxford is a seat of knowledge, Woodstock has a fine new college, And farm implement work shops, So farmers easy reap their crops; The old court house is a disgrace, Grand structure soon will take its place.


Ex-Mayor Thomas Brown may be considered the father of the town, he projected the first roads and bridges.

The Thames and tributary rills, Here they do drive numerous mills, Enabling millers to compete To pay high price for oats and wheat. Here streams do drive many a wheel For to grind both flour and oatmeal, And town will extend its boundaries With its enterprising foundries. For fine pianos town is famed And highest rank for them is claimed, And brighter days for it yet dawns With its grand mansions and fine lawns, And it has now the title grand The capital of dairyland.


O'er various counties of the north, When cruel order did go forth, For to destroy many a home, So that the wild deer free might roam; The men of Sutherland and Ross, The broad Atlantic they did cross, Each seeking for a fertile farm, These rolling lands for them had charm; They ne'er desired again to roam, Each happy in his woodland home, Where middle branch of Thames doth flow They built the village of Embro, And it the hill tops now doth crown Like its grand namesake Edina Town, And good flour mills you here do find And oats also they here do grind.


Of Beachville, village of the plain, We now will sing a short refrain, For here the Thames doth pleasant flow, And charm to landscape doth bestow; Though river here it is not deep, Yet banks slope graceful up the steep, And from the summit of the hills You look down on the famed lime kilns, And 'tis full worthy poet's rhyme The whiteness of your pure white lime, Your glory never shall be gone While you have quarries of this stone, In influence you yet will wax With mills for flour and also flax.


Our Canadian county Perth, Commemorates great bard of earth, Stratford and Avon both are here, And they enshrine the name Shakespeare.

For here in Stratford every ward Is named from dramas of great bard, Here you may roam o'er Romeo, Or glance on Juliet bestow.

And it is a railway centre, Many a train doth here enter, And railroad shops do men employ, And gives them work and wealth and joy.


The middle branch of Thames doth flow O'er pebble bed and it doth glow And sparkle like silver in the sun, As it through pasture lands doth run.

In dam is ample water stored, To drive flour mills in Thamesford, Besides the power of the stream, Saw mills and flax are drove by steam.

Our mind it doth with pleasure fill, To see fine brick church on each hill, And that substantial one of stone Owned by congregation of St. John.


In vale of Thames oft' times are seen The cattle graze 'mong sweetest green, Or there contented with their fate The gentle cows do ruminate.

And enjoy a double pleasure In re-chewing hidden treasure, The cow is a kindly creature, Kind and pleasant in each feature.

About her is a homely charm, And her the dog should not alarm, But let all safe guard her from harm, The gentlest creature on the farm.


As cheese making first began in this county and it has already become the chief industry of many counties, it is no insignificant theme. About the middle of this century Canada was a great importer of cheese, and now cheese is the principal article of export from the Province of Ontario, and this Province will soon export no less than ten millions of dollars worth of cheese per annum. Mr. Ranney was doing a thriving business in the dairy line, manufacturing cheese after the century was half gone on the dairy plan from the products of his own cows, and one decade later Mr. Farrington introduced the factory system. Both of these gentlemen have departed this life but Canada is enjoying the fruits of their labors, and about eight hundred cheese factories are in operation in this Province of Ontario.


Ranney began with just two cows, Which he in winter fed on browse, And now he hath got mighty herds Numerous as flock of birds, May he long live our hearts to cheer This great and useful pioneer.


The farmers they now all make rich Since Farrington went to Norwich, And the system first there began Of making cheese on factory plan; He came from Herkimer county, To Canada he was a bounty; Norwich village moved but slow, Till railways made it quickly grow, And industries here now take root, The township's famous for its fruit.

Among the earliest champions of the Factory System of making cheese were Messrs. Chadwick, Casswell and Ballantyne. The North Oxford Company were awarded the highest honor at the Centennial Exhibition. Messrs. J. L. Grant & Co. have a fine large cold storage warehouse on the G.T.R., and the C.P.R. have erected one on their line, which is leased by Mr. Riley. Ingersoll being the great dairy centre of Ontario it was deemed requisite to have those facilities for preserving the cheese in the hot season. The following is a list of the most prominent cheese factories in this district and the salesmen thereof:

Dereham and West Oxford--W. Nancekivell. Harris Street--T. R. Mayberry. W. Oxford--G. Galloway. N. Oxford--D. J. Dundass. Maple Leaf--Thomas Caddy. W. Zorra--John Blair. Burnside--H. George. Gore--H. C. Hopkins. Salford--Foster & Gregg. Mt. Elgin--W. Tripp. Brownsville--Hopkins & Fulton. Prouse's--T. Prouse. Kintore--G. Alderson. Harrietsville--R. Facey. East Nissouri--W. J. Walker. Cold Springs--H. Matheson. Dorchester--L. D. Monk. Lawson--N. Wilford. Wilkinson--J. H. Wilkinson. Dereham and Norwich Union--W. Fewster. Verschoyle--James Hunter. Avon and Firby--W. Kirkly. Thamesford--F. Patterson. Lyons--James Mitchell. Lakeside--T. Marshall. Belmont--John Evans. Cherry Hill--H. Webster.


This is our earliest cheese ode. The Ingersoll factory has been removed to Thamesford.

When Father Ranney left the States, In Canada to try the fates, He settled down in Dereham, Then no dairyman lived near him; He was the first there to squeeze His cows' milk into good cheese, And at each Provincial show His famed cheese was all the go.

Then long life to Father Ranney May he wealth and honour gain aye.

He always took the first prize Both for quality and size, But many of his neighbors Now profit by his labors, And the ladies dress in silk From the proceeds of the milk, But those who buy their butter, How dear it is, they mutter.

Then long life to Father Ranney, May he his health retain aye.

The farmers can not be beat, They have both cheese and their wheat, Though now their greatest care is For to watch o'er their dairies, They carefully fill their mows With provender for their cows, And they thus enrich the soil With much profit for their toil.

We will sing this refrain aye, Long life to Father Ranney.

The motto "union is strength" Is carried out at length, In the most compact array At every cheese factory, You'll see without going far as There is one kept by Harris, The factory of Ingersoll, Just out at the first toll.

May he never suffer pain aye, The Father of cheesemen Ranney.

Or you may go all the way To see one kept by Galloway, And out in the Norwiches Dairymen are making riches, And honor has been won By Harvey Farrington, The same path is trodden By folks about Culloden.

May his strength never wane aye, The great dairyman Ranney.

And of late we saw some Very good cheese from Lawson, All around Mt. Elgin Dairymen have well done, And out in East Nissouri They make some scores a day, From Jarvis and Elliott Some good cheese are bought.

And we will all remain aye, Indebted to Father Ranney.

Now we close this glorious theme, This song of curds and rich cream, You can buy your hoops and screws, And all supplies for dairy use, Milk cans and vats, all things like these, In Ingersoll great mart for cheese, Here buyers all do congregate And pay for cheese the highest rate.

So we call on you again aye, To honor Father Ranney.


Weight over seven thousand pounds.

We have seen thee, queen of cheese, Lying quietly at your ease, Gently fanned by evening breeze, Thy fair form no flies dare seize.

All gaily dressed soon you'll go To the great Provincial show, To be admired by many a beau In the city of Toronto.

Cows numerous as a swarm of bees, Or as the leaves upon the trees, It did require to make thee please, And stand unrivalled, queen of cheese.

May you not receive a scar as We have heard that Mr. Harris Intends to send you off as far as The great world's show at Paris.

Of the youth beware of these, For some of them might rudely squeeze And bite your cheek, then songs or glees We could not sing, oh! queen of cheese.

We'rt thou suspended from balloon, You'd cast a shade even at noon, Folks would think it was the moon About to fall and crush them soon.


It almost now seems all in vain For to expect high price for grain, Wheat is grown on Egyptian soil On the banks of mighty Nile.

And where the Ganges it doth flow, In India fine wheat doth grow, And price of labor is so cheap That it they can successful reap.

Then let the farmers justly prize The cows for land they fertilize, And let us all with songs and glees Invoke success into the cheese.


All those who quality do prize Must study color, taste and size, And keep their dishes clean and sweet, And all things round their factories neat, For dairymen insist that these Are all important points in cheese.

Grant has here a famous work Devoted to the cure of pork, For dairymen find it doth pay To fatten pigs upon the whey, For there is money raising grease As well as in the making cheese.


The farmers now should all adorn A few fields with sweet southern corn, It is luscious, thick and tall, The beauty of the fields in fall.

For it doth make best ensilage, For those in dairying engage, It makes the milk in streams to flow, Where dairymen have a good silo.

The cow is a happy rover O'er the fields of blooming clover, Of it she is a fond lover, And it makes milk pails run over.


In barren district you may meet Small fertile spot doth grow fine wheat, There you may find the choicest fruits, And great, round, smooth and solid roots.

But in conditions such as these You cannot make a mammoth cheese, Which will weigh eight thousand pounds, But where large fertile farms abounds.

Big cheese is synonymous name, With fertile district of the Thame, Here dairy system's understood, And they are made both large and good.


Where the young lady waiters were dressed as dairymaids.

Throughout the world they do extol The fame of our town Ingersoll, The capital of dairyland, To-night it seems like fairy land, The youth and beauty here arrayed, So sweet and neat each dairymaid.

And worthy of a poet's theme, Sweet and smooth flows milk and cream, For song or glee what is fitter In this land of cheese and butter, But no young man should be afraid To court a pretty dairymaid.

And far abroad he should not roam But find a charmer here at home, Find some one now your heart to cheer, Thus celebrate the jubilee year, Remember long this ladies' aid And each bewitching dairymaid.

Lines Read at a Parsonage Opening at the Village where Ranney had once flourished, 1883.

Some do boast of their pedigrees, But Salford's parent of the cheese, Ranney, industrious and wise, Here started this great enterprise.

He did work on the dairy plan, While Farrington was factoryman, Both of these men it well did please To hear of progress making cheese.

The farmers are in cheerful mood, For harvest all it has been good, And all the grain was sown this spring An abundant yield will bring.

And you can scarcely stow away The yield of barley, oats and hay, Such pasture it is seldom seen, E'en now it is so fresh and green.

This beauteous colour nature decks, While it insures you large milk cheques, And certes you've much cause to praise, For hogs and cattle that you raise.


The ancient poets ne'er did dream That Canada was land of cream, They ne'er imagined it could flow In this cold land of ice and snow, Where everything did solid freeze, They ne'er hoped or looked for cheese.

A few years since our Oxford farms Were nearly robbed of all their charms, O'er cropped the weary land grew poor And nearly barren as a moor, But now their owners live at ease Rejoicing in their crop of cheese.

And since they justly treat the soil, Are well rewarded for their toil, The land enriched by goodly cows Yields plenty now to fill their mows, Both wheat and barley, oats and peas, But still their greatest boast is cheese.

And you must careful fill your mows With good provender for your cows, And in the winter keep them warm, Protect them safe all time from harm, For cows do dearly love their ease, Which doth insure best grade of cheese.

To us it is a glorious theme To sing of milk and curds and cream, Were it collected it could float On its bosom, small steam boat, Cows numerous as swarm of bees Are milked in Oxford to make cheese.

To prove the wealth that here abounds, One cheese weighed eight thousand pounds, Had it been hung in air at noon Folks would have thought it was the moon, It sailed with triumph o'er the seas, 'Twas hailed with welcome, queen of cheese.


Cows suffered in the days of old For want of water and from cold, Now of good water they have fill For it is pumped by the windmill.

No matter how well cows were fed They suffered cold in their board shed, But good stone walls now them enfold, And they are warm and safe from cold.

Now they do enjoy their fodder, And repay with their full udder, If bran slops you on cow bestow Of milk it will increase the flow.

And in your efforts do not halt But let them daily lick the salt, And never let the dogs them chase, But let them walk at their quiet pace.


The sweet milkmaid of early days Her own household she ably sways, And her daughters now milk the cows, And her sons they now guide the plows.

These pleasing changes on a farm Doth give to rural life a charm, Let occupation none upbraid, But honor plowman and milkmaid.

For Burns with glory did endow And wove a garland round the plow, The source from which all wealth doth spring And happiness to all doth bring.

Our muse it doth refuse to sing Of cheese made early in the spring, When cows give milk from spring fodder You cannot make a good cheddar.

The quality is often vile Of cheese that is made in April, Therefore we think for that reason You should make later in the season.

Cheese making now you should delay Until about the first of May. Then cows do feed on grassy field And rich milk they abundant yield.

Ontario cannot compete With the Northwest in raising wheat, For cheaper there they it can grow So price in future may be low.

Though this a hardship it may seem, Rejoice that you have got the cream, In this land of milk and honey, Where dairy farmers do make money.

Utensils must be clean and sweet, So cheese with first class can compete, And daily polish up milk pans, Take pains with vats and with milk cans.

And it is important matter To allow no stagnant water, But water from pure well or stream The cow must drink to give pure cream.

Canadian breeds 'tis best to pair With breeds from the shire of Ayr, They thrive on our Canadian feed And are for milking splendid breed.

Though 'gainst spring cheese some do mutter, Yet spring milk also makes bad butter, Then there doth arise the query How utilize it in the dairy:

The milk it floats in great spring flood Though it is not so rich and good, Let us be thankful for this stream Of milk and also curds and cream.

All dairymen their highest aims Should be to make the vale of Thames, Where milk doth so abundant flow, Dairyland of Ontario.


The following adventure was participated in by Mr. J. Podmore and Mr. W. D. Grant at Matheson's Cold Spring Cheese Factory in Zorra, 1888.

Cheese buyers in hours of leisure Combine business with pleasure, And when they wish to go abroad They take their gun and fishing rod.

This tale is true we pledge our word, They baited hook with a piece of curd, And let the rod hang from the boat, While curd and hook on pond did float.

And then they start for sport and fun, To try their luck with the shot gun, And quick they raised from their cover, Then brought low eight brace of plover.

Now to the pond they do return, But loss of rod they have to mourn, They see it rushing through the water, And wonder what can be the matter.

But the courage of young Grant, It did not for a moment daunt, Though rod it now is far beyond, He plunged into deep, cold spring pond.

And seized his rod and then drew out A beauteous seven pound trout, Which had grown from the seed From spawn of California breed.

And Californian in its greed, On the sweet curd wished to feed; But, alas, for it's sad fate, It swallowed hook along with bait.



September came and with it frost The season's pasture it seemed lost, And the wondrous yield of corn Of its green beauty it was shorn.

Frost it came like early robber, But gentle rains came in October, Which were absorbed by grateful soil; With green once more the pastures smile.

And cows again are happy seen Enjoying of the pastures green, And flow of milk again they yield From the sweet feed of grassy field.

And we have now a fine November, Warmer far than in September; The apple, which is queen of fruits, Was a good crop and so is roots.

The rains they did replenish springs, And it gratitude to each heart brings, When we reflect on bounteous season, For grateful feelings all have reason.


Poor laborers they did sad bewail, When the machine displaced the flail, There's little work now with the hoes. Since cultivators weed the rows.

Labor it became more fickle, When the scythe took place of sickle, Labor still it did sink lower, By introduction of mower.

And the work was done much cheaper When they added on the reaper, Another machine to it they join, Mower, reaper, binder, all combine.

Machines now load and stow away, Both the barley and the hay, And the farmers do get richer With the loader and the pitcher.

There's very few men now hand sows, No more broad cast the grain it grows, They sow and rake by the machine, Hand labor is 'mong the things have been.

Armed with scythes the old war chariot, Cut men down in the fierce war riot, Round farmers' chariot fall the slain, But 'tis the sheaves of golden grain.


Grain it should be sold in the fall Even if the price it should be small, For if you keep it till the spring Sometimes a less price it doth bring.

For grain with whole world doth compete, You cannot raise the price of wheat, Then at once you should embark it On its way to world's market.

We hope our views you don't despise, For grain doth shrink in weight and size, If you sell wheat you can get gold, Retain it, damp may make it mould.

Remember too that of your wheat The rats of it will fondly eat, Sell it and money then invest, And you can get good interest.

The same remarks apply to cheese, It shrinks and frosts make it to freeze, Then careful man you have to hire At great expense to keep up fire.

If you your produce quick do move, The business soon it will improve, And then mankind will you bless For alleviating their distress.

And it pays best to sell each pig, Plump and young, not old, fat and big, Young and tender now's the vogue Either in cattle or in hog.


This is a tale, but it is truth, Of maiden lady named Ruth, She owned a small four acre farm, Which possessed some rural charm.

This maiden she was past her youth, But none e're fell in love with Ruth, Though you must not infer from thence That she possessed not grace nor sense.

She was handsome in her day, But beauty quickly fades away, Good vegetables and fine roots She growed and choicest kind of fruits.

And a first-class good milch cow She kept, and a fine breeding sow, Her butter high price did command, Cow fed on best of pasture land.

On it was pond where swam her geese, From small flock of sheep she sheared fleece, And thus she passed year after year, Her cares they kept her in good cheer.

Each year she raised large chicken brood, And for them she grew lots of food, In winter time it was her rule To knit and spin up her own wool.

And thus her uneventful life Doth pass without jar or strife, 'Tis seldom she e're feels alarm, But quietly tills her little farm.

To plow her little fields of course She does require to drive her horse, This little pony looks quite smart Drawing old maid in little cart.


In summer time it doth seem good To seek the shade of the green wood, For it doth banish all our care When we gaze on scene so fair.

And birds do here in branches sing So merrily in early spring, And lovingly they here do pair Their mutual joys together share.

Here nature's charming, never rude, Inspiring all with happy mood, Tables had choice fruits of season, And we too had feast of reason.

To dinner table all did march Through evergreen triumphal arch, On top the Union Jack it floats, On each side sheaves of wheat and oats.

Great pumpkins and big ears of corn, They do this rural arch adorn, We are reminded now 'tis fall, And boys enjoy game of baseball.

With joy at night each one did gaze At the mighty bonfire's blaze, The tree leaves shone like silver bright, The lanterns too were pleasing sight.


The following lines were read at the festival after the stone had been laid by Grand Master Col. Moffat, of a church on the Culloden road, with Masonic honors.

In this quiet spot this day of June, Which will not be forgotten soon, For when your little church on hill You overflowingly did fill, You then resolved there should arise Church worthy of your enterprise, You've laid foundation broad and deep, And showers of blessings may you reap.

Craft of King Hiram and Saint John Have come to lay the corner stone, At the call of our Grand Master Who was invited by your pastor, With silver trowel all so fair He laid foundation on the square, May you be blessed with Christian love, And we all meet in Lodge above.


A pleasing sight to-day we see, Four churches joined in harmony, There difference was but trivial, But strove each other to outrival. In friendship now they do unite, And Satan only they do fight, And they'll plant churches in North West, Where they can serve the Lord the best.


The Credit Valley Railway Company having placed a car at the service of the council we were kindly invited to accompany them to Toronto.

Whene'er we take a tour abroad We love to travel o'er new road, Where scenery to us is new And landscape pleasing to the view, When invited for to rally And take a trip on Credit Valley, We resolved for to afford A day with Council and School Board, For to view the rural charms Of hills and dales and fertile farms, With joy we saw the sunbeams gleam On Grand River beauteous stream, And those perpendicular walls Of rock, like old baronial halls, We saw the great lake ebb and flow, And queen city of Ontario, While some enjoyed the genial smile Of Hanlon on his lake girt isle, Returning home each one exclaims "Happiest spot is banks of Thames."


Wilmot of fish culutre fame, To this tale he lends his name, A pair of eagles built their nest On a lofty pine tree's crest.

And therein they regular rear A brood of young year after year, One day he saw one leave its nest, When for food it was in quest.

It did wing its flight on high, And then on water cast its eye, When it quickly did discover A great salmon in the river.

Like lightning flash down it doth sweep And its talons it buries deep, In salmon of enormous size He trys to rise in air with prize.

But all in vain he quickly found He could not carry thirty pound, And had bit more than he could chew For in the air no more he flew.

Wilmot he did gaze with wonder At the spot where he went under, Resolved to know what was the matter He poled his boat o'er the water.

And he looked down and there he found That the eagle it was drowned, And its wings in part outspread, But alas it was quite dead.

With grappling hook he drew him out, But attached to him was monster trout, Eagle could not extract his claws, And this the death of both did cause.


Three years ago my vessel lay In a port of Hudson Bay, I started off for the trading post, But on the way back I then got lost.

And the thought soon gave me the blues, Trudging along on my snow shoes, Over the wastes of drifting snow, While the wind it did fiercely blow.

I feared that I would be froze hard, For it was a fearful blizzard, I was growing faint and weary, Not the slightest hopes to cheer me.

Without compass to bearing, My yells were beyond crews' hearing, But at last to my loud halloo There came a mournful ho, ho.

From creature white I thought 'twas ghost, And that I was forever lost, I heard horrid creature flutter, As it those strange sounds did utter.

At last I found that all this howl Was from a noble large white owl, And a happy apparition, So runs the Indian tradition.

It guides the lost one in distress And leads him out of wilderness, This strange bird I soon follow, And it still kept up its halloo.

It seem'd that it cried to cheer me, I thought the ship was now near me, As I walked o'er the banks of snow I kept up a feeble halloo.

And but a little ways beyond From my own crew I got respond, With joy I was received by crew, So happy all at my rescue.

It must be that some gentle soul Did then inhabit that strange fowl, But O to me 'twas wondrous fair, For it thus saved me from despair.

The man's my foe who now doth growl At the strange sounds made by the owl, The sailors all they took delight To feed this bird so pure and white.

But soon the poor bird was o'erfed, Early one morn we found it dead, And my breast it heaved with sighs, And the tears poured from mine eyes.

But precious relic in glass case I oft gaze on its kindly face, And grateful memories it brings, When I behold its glorious wings.

To stuff such birds I knew the art On it I worked with my whole heart, To preserve each grace and feature Full of charms to me is creature.


We know a hill is smooth and round, Where Indian relics may be found, This hill it hath a history, Though enveloped in mystery.

All the youth do fondly glory For to read an Indian story, This hill was ancient camping ground, In creek near by did trout abound.

And from hill top they caught a gleam Of the river's broader stream, They came in their birch bark canoes Into this place of rendezvous.

When States did Canada invade, Great Indian host was here arrayed, Here they rallied from near and far, In eighteen hundred and twelve war.

Chief big Wolfe led them on to war, And bade farewell to morning star, He wedded her one year before, And her he fondly did adore.

To him she never seemed so sweet, Her dress had beads worked o'er so neat, And her toilet to complete, Grand moccasins upon her feet.

Tribe marches and they boldly fight, Longside of Brock on Queenstown height, With glory they do return crowned, Into the hill so smooth and round.

Here big Wolfe drank much fire water, And it led to his own slaughter, His death alas did blast and mar, And dimmed the light of morning star.


Of Kentucky's great hunter bold Old Daniel Boone oft tales are told, Of wild beasts he had no fear, But dangers loved that pioneer.

Canada has hunters many, Yet perhaps there is not any For skill and boldness can compare With our own Daniel Hebner.

In youth he was both tall and strong, And supple as a willow thong, He never fled from savage bear, Though bruin on hind legs would rear.

In hunting mink, or fox or coon, He was a second Daniel Boone, His rifle oft brought down the deer, Which to his table brought good cheer.

But through his life his highest aim Was to kill the savage game, To track the wild cat to its lair And see its eyes so fiercely glare.

But he oft longs for a cut ham, Sweet as from bear near to Putnam, For he waged his fiercest war In big swamp of Dorchester.

Now in the winter Dan he rides Warm 'mong his bear and coon skin hides, He lets the younger men now snare The beaver, muskrat and otter.


Two youths employed at the fur fort Resolved to have half day of sport, From Jasper House, in the far north, For game they joyous issued forth, The factor of the Hudson Bay Granted them a few hours play, And it was in cold winter time When thick on lake was glassy rime, But beneath, o'er all their route, They saw below big speckled trout, With hatchet ice they did clear, And the beauteous trout did spear.

Soon bear they saw and youths did skate, Resolved for to seal his fate, A pistol shot made bruin roar, And from him trickled drops of gore, They round him skate and fresh blood drew, When they at him the hatchet threw; He first chased one and then the other, For men on skates did him bother, But the bold Scottish lad McBeth Alas he nearly met his death, When he so boldly did press near To probe with the sharp fish spear.

They knew their game was no trifle, So they secured a trusty rifle, Returning he had fled to wood, But they traced him with his blood, They saw the elder bushes sway While he did force through them his way, They skated swiftly o'er the ice And were near brushwood in a trice, Full soon the savage beast is slain With rifle bullet in his brain, And now these hunters do take pride In skin as large as Buffalo hide.


I am a hunter by profession, And when I make this confession, Of what I saw with mine own eyes, It may cause you some surprise.

But we at once now you do warn, That this is not a made up yarn, It happened in the interior, Far north of Lake Superior.

When up the hill setting my traps, I heard on trees peculiar raps, It made me then attentive hark, And then I heard pulling off the bark.

It was a bright and pleasant day, The distance was three miles away, And it caused me but slight alarm, When they around bark placed each arm.

And threw the bark o'er their shoulder, I being a distant beholder Knew not what end they had in view, But I must own my wonder grew.

When I saw those men were warm dressed With good fur robe each one was blessed, In single file they marched up hill With strangest thoughts my mind did fill.

When each man in his robe began With tough bark to make toboggan, And quick as lightning down they slide, It seemed to me a dangerous ride.

The spot was covered o'er with hairs, And it seem'd mixed with blood of bears, And my two dogs Bull and Daisy, At sight and scent of it went crazy.

Could none of these been a true man, Or was I gross deceived by bruin, It was a long and glassy slide, Reached far up the mountain side.

They had been first enjoying the fun Of sliding down on their bare skin, Until their hide was getting worn, And their flesh was somewhat torn.

So Bear invented Toboggan, Which is a blessing to young man, And the fair maiden by his side, For both enjoy the pleasant ride.


Strange incidents do happen ever On the famed Niagara river, This thought to mind it now recalls Event three miles above the falls.

Thrilling ventures there abound, A bear which weighed eight hundred pounds, Hunters they do him discover As he was swimming down the river.

They felt he would be glorious prize This grand fat bear of mighty size, Three men they jump'd into canoe, A skilful and determined crew.

Soon alongside of him they row, But kindly feelings he doth show, Quick he scrambled o'er the boat side For to enjoy a good boat ride.

And as o'er the side he straddles They hit him on head with paddles, But all in vain, so two of crew A short time bade the bear adieu.

And soon they swiftly swam to shore, But current down the river bore Man, bear and boat, the sound appals Of roaring mighty water falls.

But vigorous now he plys the oar, In hopes to safely reach the shore, But this made bear to grin and growl And wear on brow a horrid scowl.

So poor man sore against his will Finds that in boat he must keep still, Or else be hugged to death by bear, While sound of falls becomes more near.

But his two friends so brave and true Row quick 'longside in a canoe, And fire in bruin leaden balls, Thus saving friend from bear and falls.


A man on Nova Scotian Bay On broken raft was borne away, Right out on the open sea Where the storm did blow so free, No shelter from the wind or wave He thought the gulf would be his grave, He had no food life to sustain, He laid him down there to remain, What happened he did know no more, But old man on Prince Edward's shore Saw raft drifting near his shed And thought the poor man was quite dead, He called for help and soon they bore His lifeless body to the shore, But old man he did them desire To place the body near the fire, And wrap it up in blankets warm, Which did act like to a charm, And soon the breath it did return, With gratitude his heart did burn, To think he was again restored Unto his friends whom he adored.


A buffalo, lord of the plain, With massive neck and mighty mane, While from his herd he slowly strays, He on green herbage calm doth graze, And when at last he lifts his eyes A savage wolf he soon espies, But scarcely deigns to turn his head For it inspires him with no dread, He knows the wolf is treacherous foe But feels he soon could lay him low, A moment more and there's a pair Whose savage eyes do on him glare, But with contempt them both he scorns Unworthy of his powerful horns; Their numbers soon do multiply But the whole pack he doth defy, He could bound quickly o'er the plain And his own herd could soon regain; His foes they now are full a score With lolling tongues pant for his gore, He hears their teeth all loudly gnash So eager his big bones to crash, On every side they him infest, The north, the south, the east, the west Fierce rage doth now gleam from his eye, Resolved to conquer or to die, 'Round him they yelp and howl and growl, He glares on them with angry scowl, They circle closer him around, He roars and springs with mighty bound, And of his powers gives ample proof, Felling them with horn and hoof, Though some lay dead upon the plain, Yet their attack was not in vain, For they have tasted of his blood, Resolved it soon shall pour a flood, He feels that they have torn his hide And streams gush from each limb and side, He rushes on them in despair And tosses them full high in air, But others rush on him and pull Down to the earth that glorious bull; On the flesh of this noble beast Their bloody jaws they soon do feast, Full worthy of a better fate Far from his herd and his dear mate, Who now do look for him in vain His bones do whiten now the plain.


Two youths came over from York state, Bill Brown and Tom Dawes his mate, For many months they were wishing The sport of hunting and of fishing.

They rowed along the lake in punt, When tired of fishing they would hunt, At river's mouth they caught fine trout, In woods close by they saw bear's snout.

In front of her play little chubs, Fat and slick her darling cubs, Kind thoughts in their breasts they smother And cruelly they shoot the mother.

And bullet fearful tore her jaws, A bloody wound, but with her paws, Erect in air an awful sight, She was prepared for her young to fight.

But this did not daunt bold Bill Brown, With club he tried to knock her down, But she gave him an awful hug, With paws she at him fierce did tug.

He would been smothered but for Dawes, Who rescued him from her great paws, With club he knocked her on the crown And thus he saved the life of Brown.

She rose again with savage frown And quickly broke two ribs for Brown, His clothes were all torn with her claws, She smeared with blood both Brown and Dawes.

But Dawes now quick doth end the strife By stabbing her with hunting knife, And now around this hunter bold His bear skin coat keeps out the cold.


Canadians oft by light of moon Love to go a hunting coon, But this our tale it is no yarn, While chopping down tree Henry Karn Found therein a hollow chamber Full of coons who there did clamber, It made them a home superior, Warm and snug in the interior.

And he did count therein eleven Who long had found it a safe haven, But it is sad to read their fate, For out of them he slaughtered eight. But trouble to him now occurs What shall he do with those fine furs, Shall he grand overcoat display Or make them into robe for sleigh.


While voyaging on northern seas For days we could not catch a breeze, But were held fast as if in vice Surrounded by the bergs of ice, We could not move the ship or boat But on low, flat iceberg we did float; Of provisions we took good store With big oars we rowed the berg to shore, And pride and joy each one feels When we had caught ten thousand seals, And our brave boys each one they dare To boldly capture great white bear; On floating berg we built with boards A storehouse for to hold our hordes, We had a stove and stock of coal, So we enjoyed this voyage droll, In centre of berg we dug a hole And erected a strong pole, The frost and ice soon held it fast And well it served us for a mast, On which we stretched out our sails And scud along before the gales, Until we came to an island And on its sides it seemed highland, And Britain being queen of seas, For her this island we did seize, To give her new coaling station For to benefit the nation, So when we had sailed landward We erected British standard On the highest mountain top, Which graceful down to sea did slope, We cast our anchor in its side So to explore it far and wide, But what was our astonishment Without the least admonishment, Our island soon away did float As if it was a mighty boat. Can you believe this wondrous tale? It proved to be a monster whale, And o'er the ocean quick it flew With our great iceberg and our crew, Until it came to Newfoundland, Where all did safe on the ground land; Poor whale was stranded on the beach And his sea home no more could reach, Our crew in great wealth each on shares, By selling whale and seals and bears, We hired steam tug to reach our ship, Now free from ice we had quick trip, And she being loaded down with seal, And we all shared in common weal, For joy each of us had reason, Making two trips in one season.


Two hunters near to Hudson Bay, Their names John Grant and Tom McKay, Their skill and courage naught could daunt, The boldest one perhaps was Grant.

The winter was their busy time, When all was snow and frost and rime, It paid best then to pull trigger, For then furs were better thicker.

While setting trap Grant cut through boot And quick the blood gushed from his foot, The horrid scene, now who can paint, For loss of blood soon makes him faint.

But his kind partner Tom McKay The rush of blood he tried to stay, And when its flow did somewhat slack He carried him upon his back.

As homeward he doth slowly go, A track of blood is o'er the snow, But long and weary is the way And soon exhausted is McKay.

He feels assistance he doth want, For to rescue his dear friend Grant, He stood him up against a tree While the blood yet flowed quite free.

Now wolves had visited the trap And blood from snow they eager lap, Then tracked poor Grant, for on the snow The blood in heavy drops did flow.

He soon got help, then John McKay Doth hurry back without delay, And what a sight then met their gaze Filled them with horror and amaze.

The sight their minds will ever haunt, Mangled by wolves was their friend Grant, But round him several wolves were slain With bullet holes right through their brain.

For he had fought hard for his life, And some he slew with hunting knife, And he is still quite surrounded, While fierce brutes are badly wounded.

Now clubs doth soon dash out their brains And then they gather Grant's remains, They cut two saplings both same size, With twigs they lace them acrosswise.

So it then made for the poor dead A good soft and pliable bed, Now to his home remains they bear, Where his poor wife is in despair.


From the regions of the north Where the waters now are frozen, Towards the south they issue forth A flock of wild geese of four dozen.

But when they flew o'er the river Thames They swooped down to take a dive, But sport with shot gun at them aims And one at least did not survive.

And he now says it tasted fine, And that it was both fat and big, A hungry man did on it dine, Satisfied with just one leg.

He was sorry fowl to kill, But they awoke him from his slumber, The air with cackle they did fill, And thus they lost one of their number.


I bought of land two miles square, I knew not it contained a bear, I never thought there would be any, But alas, I found many; The bush was thick and mat and tangle, It made it a perfect jungle, But one mile square of good dry land Was enough for me to take in hand; Swamp I could reach but when frozen, Then I saw bears by the dozen, Thick as monkies in Africa, And many a strange trick I saw, Gamboling with the greatest ease, High up the trunks of the big trees, While some were swinging from branches And hanging on them with their haunches; But quietly I then tilled my farm, The bears at first done me no harm, Till one night I was roused by dogs, And found a bear was at my hogs, He threw a pig across each shoulder And there I was a sad beholder, But to the house I quickly run For to procure my loaded gun, And as he could not run but slow, So heavy laden through the snow, I him full soon did overtake, And his courage quick I did shake, For by the leg my good bold dog He bravely caught the thievish rogue, And this move made him soon fork o'er To me at once the largest porker, For moment squeeze it did pig stun, But up he rose and quick he run, The bear now scared his only hope, To let at once the other pig drop, I shot the bear right through the eyes And secured a valued prize, There's nothing I love so to eat In winter time as the bear's meat, So a victory I soon won And sold for high price grease and skin; The bears on honey love to thrive, One morn was wrecked my best beehive, That day I was to sell the honey For to raise some ready money, But bear my views he did despise And proudly carried off the prize; That night I set a good spring gun, With rails I built for him a run, Open all way to hive of bees, He tried again a hive to seize, But all his efforts were in vain, He sprung the gun and he was slain, O'er the fact I felt quite funny It well repaid me for my honey; One bear was playing on me joke, Carrying off all my young stock, I set my trap, built round it fence, Resolved he ne'er would get from thence, But at the first he did me hoax, For he was cunning as a fox, He dug under and stole my bait, But I next sunk trap and sealed his fate, My good iron trap again it caught A great bear but it came to naught, Breakfast he had at my expense And he then showed wondrous sense, Trap he picked up with greatest ease And dashed it to pieces on the trees, But blacksmith soon did it repair For I was bound to have that bear, I attached to trap a heavy clog, It was like lifting a small log, I drove in it some sharp iron spikes Which would cut deep each time he strikes, He tried again to steal my bait And break my trap at the old rate, But he soon dashed out his own brains, His carcass it brought me great gains; A neighbour man who would not work I thought that he did steal my pork, But at last I found long black hairs, Then I knew it was the bears, I put through barrels rods of iron So they a bear neck would environ, And rods together they would snap, I found him choked quite dead in trap, Since then my strife with bears did cease, Now many years I've lived in peace.


Canada proves her devotion To her who rules o'er land and sea, For loyal thoughts do hearts inspire, To make more glorious empire.

'Tis fifty years since Queen was crowned, Her brow with golden circlet bound, She was a girl, graceful, fair, And has felt joy and anxious care.

Happy years of married life She enjoyed as Albert's wife, But Albert died, the wise and good, And she was left in widowhood.

In her reign the power of steam On land and sea became supreme, And all now have strong reliance In fresh victories of science.

For man doth lightning now employ And uses it for message boy, And when he wants a brilliant light, Electric orbs do shine most bright.

Britain's empire is extending, Truth and justice ever blending, May strife and discord ever cease, And jubilee inaugurate peace.


We will now sing in thoughtful strain Of wars in Queen Victoria's reign. The Russian bear did ages lurk, All ready for to spring on Turk, For Russian statesmen did divine That they should conquer Constantine, But like a greyhound after hare The Lion did drive back the Bear, And made it feel the British rule At gates of strong Sebastopol. Then insolent was Persia, Till Lion had to dictate law, And while engaged in scenes like these He was attacked by the Chinese, And for this outrage all so wanton He then resolved to seize on Canton. But soon there came a dismal cry Of slaughter'd Britons from Delhi, The Bengal Tiger sick with gore Did tremble at the Lion's roar, But Britain got a serious shock By losing of brave Havelock, But Campbell 'mid a numerous foe Full quick these armed hosts did o'erthrow, In Abyssinian dungeons vile Lay captives of Great Britain's isle, But soon the tyrant Theodore Lay sadly weltering in his gore. The savage tribes of Ashantee From British troops did quickly flee, In Afghan and Zulu wars Many did find their deadly scars; In the land of the Pharaohs The Christians suffered cruel woes, Till in Alexandria Bay The British iron clads did display, The mighty power they did wield, While their steel sides from harm did shield, And British army on the land Marched bravely o'er the burning sand, And Arabi found 'twas useless labor, His strong trench of Tel-el-Kebir, Egyptians did not wish to feel In their breasts cold British steel, Their great power was soon laid low And Wolseley entered Grand Cairo. Egyptians now no more revile The Christians on the banks of Nile. We have sung three heroes' names. Havelock from the land of Thames, And Campbell from the banks of Clyde, And Wolseley from Liffy's side, When rose, thistle, shamrock unite They do prove victors in the fight, Now Britain once more does command Respect alike on sea and land, But now may wars forever cease And mankind ever live in peace.


At the announcement that Britain was to declare war Kossuth the Hungarian Patriot declared in an address in England that the British Lion was a sea dog but helpless on land.

When the British Lion offered aid to the Turk, Round many lips a sneer of serious doubt did lurk, They said he was at home on sea, but when on land He would be as a ship wrecked upon the strand, Or like some huge ungainly crocodile Upon the marshy banks of sluggish Nile, Who could move gaily on the deep But on dry land could scarcely creep, But up the Alma heights he rushed like greyhound after hare, And in a moment by the throat he seized the Russian bear, Which begged so hard for mercy his life he did it spare, And closely now it is confined within its native lair, For its strong fortress of Sebastpol Was forced to submit to Great Britain's rule.


British infants who were nobly born Were from their bleeding mother's bosom torn, And with the bayonet dashed upon the street There left to lie for native dogs to eat.

But the British Lion he quick o'erthrew, Both the high and the low Hindoo, Now they respect the Christian laws For fear of British Lion's paws.


A fable of the British and Russian dispute of 1885.

Russians suffer sad distress For lack of freedom of the press, But oft' times they are full able To enlighten with a fable.

And they enjoy a humorous tale Of a bear and monster whale, The bear he went to the sea shore The mighty ocean to explore.

And this it quick enraged the whale Who beat the ocean with his tail, With foaming words he told the bear That he would strip his hide and hair.

If he ever found him more Encroaching on his sea shore, The bear replied I will not quail At frothing words of any whale.

For you are a lump of blubber, Whale rejoined you are land lubber, Thus bandying epithets so vile, Of bear grease and of whale oil.

Sharks and fishes of the ocean Were thrown into great commotion, The hawks and eagles of the air, Lions and tigers gathered there.

Bear he wished the whale to slaughter, But he was afraid of water, The great whale feared that he might strand If he ventured on the dry land.

So at last great Russia Bear Went back again to his own lair, And British whale content to be Greatest monarch of the sea.


When the Chinese did rebel, Gordon alone he could them quell, With justice they his name revere, The man who bullets did not fear.

It seemed as if his life had charm That spear or lance could never harm, He went alone this wondrous man To fight false prophet of Soudan.

Assistance it arrives too late, And traitors they have oped the gate, To meet the foe he doth advance, But fatal wound receives from lance.

And Britons all they do take pride In Burnaby's Asiatic ride, Russian mysteries to discover, He crossed many a plain and river.

And his brave spirit led the van To relieve Gordon in Soudan, With his strong arm every blow Laid at his feet some Arab foe.

But strong brave man who knew no fear, He was transfixed by Arab spear, And thus brave men their lives have lost, Of war let nations never boast.

Unless it is in self defence, Then they have glorious recompense, But arts of peace they should be prized By nations truly Christianized.


Tercentenary ode on Shakespeare read by the author at the anniversary concert, 1864.

Three centuries have passed away Since that most famous April day, When the sweet, gentle Will was born, Whose name the age will e're adorn.

That great Elizabethan age Does not leave on history's page, A name so bright he stands like Saul, A head and shoulders over all.

Delineator of mankind, Who shows the workings of the mind, And in review in nature's glass, Portrays the thoughts of every class.

That man is dull who will not laugh At the drolleries of Falstaff, And few that could not shed a tear At sorrows of poor old King Lear.

Or lament o'er King Duncan's death Stabbed by the dagger of McBeth, Or gentle Desdemona pure, Slain by the misled jealous Moor.

Or great Caesar mighty Roman Who o'ercame his country's foemen, His high deeds are all in vain, For by his countrymen he's slain.

The greatest of heroic tales Is that of Harry, Prince of Wales, Who in combat fought so fiercely With the brave and gallant Percy.

Imagination's grandest theme The tempest or midsummer's dream, And Hamlet's philosophic blaze Of shattered reason's flickering rays.

And now in every land on earth They commemorate Shakespeare's birth, And there is met on Avon's banks Men of all nations and all ranks.

And here upon Canadian Thames The gentle maids and comely dames Do meet and each does bring her scroll Of laurel leaves from Ingersoll.


Like mightiest organ in full tone, Melodious, grand, is great Milton, He did in lofty measures tell How Satan, great archangel, fell, When from heaven downward hurled; And how he ruined this our world, So full of guile he did deceive Our simple hearted parent Eve. He shows how pardon is obtained And paradise may be regained.


England had triplets at a birth, Coleridge, Southey and Wordsworth, And these three are widely famed, And the "Lake Poets" they were named. With joy they did pursue their themes, 'Mong England's lakes and hills and streams, From there with gladness they could view The distant Scottish mountains blue.


We have scarcely time to tell thee Of the strange and gifted Shelly, Kind hearted man but ill-fated, So youthful, drowned and cremated.


Poets they do pursue each theme, Under a gentle head of steam, Save one who needed fierce fire on, The brilliant, pasionate Byron. His child Harold's pilgrimage, Forever will the world engage; He fought with glory to release From Turkish yoke the isles of Greece, Its glories oft by him were sung, This wondrous bard, alas, died young.


Of our Laureate we now do sing, His youthful muse had daring wing, He then despised Baronhood, And sang 'twas noble to be good. None sang like him of knights of old, He England's glory did uphold; In wondrous song he hath arrayed Glorious charge of light brigade, And he hath the people's benison, Greatest of living poets Tennyson.


Genius of Dryden and of Pope, Both did take a mighty scope, The first he virgil did translate, The second showed us Troys fate. On English themes they oft did sing And high their muses flight did wing.


Bacon, Hogg, Lamb and Shakespeare.

Bacon, philosopher profound, With mighty thoughts his works abound, Reflections did his mind engage Were in advance of his own age.

And Hogg the Ettrick shepherd bard, High honors all do him award, Great fame and glory he did reap While tending to his flock of sheep.

And Lamb, the gentle and the good, His works all show a happy mood; About these names there is no waste, Pleasing to fancy and to taste.

Some critics think they do make clear The fact that Bacon wrote Shakespeare, But a gent lives in New York Asks what effect will it have on pork.

Of course it would quick awaken A higher estimate of Bacon, But it is folly for to rear His fame on ruins of Shakespeare.

Though Will was not college bred, With Greek they did not cram his head, But he well knew by translations The history of the ancient nations.

And mingled daily in the strife With people in all walks of life, His plays they are to nature true Because he wrote of what he knew.

"Alas that I have wandered here and there" He does cry out in his despair, While he did lead a wandering life And left alone his loving wife.


Moore found the ballads of Green Isle Were oft obscured beneath the soil, As miner digging in a mine Finds rubbish 'mong the gold so fine, So Moore placed dross in the waste basket And enshrined jewels in casket, Where all may view each charming gem In Ireland's grand old diadem.

In eastern lands his fame prevails In wondrous oriental tales, So full of gems his Lala Rookh, Hindoos and Brahmins read his book, And dark eyed Persian girls admire The beauty of his magic lyre, Glowing like pearls of great price Those distant gleams of paradise.

He sang of Bryan Borohm's glory, Renowned in ancient Irish story, And shows the wide expanded walls Which once encircled Tara's Halls, When joyous harp did there resound And Ireland's greatest king was crowned, All wars and tumults then did cease, Ireland did prosper great in peace.

He sung of meeting of the waters And of Ireland's charming daughters, Great minstrel from his harp both flows, Ireland's triumphs and her woes, Canada doth his fame prolong While she doth sing his great boat song, And his own countrymen adore The genial, witty, bright Tom Moore.


Goldsmith wrote of deserted village, Now again reduced to tillage, Once happiest village of the plain, The place you look for it in vain, There but one man he doth make rich, While hundreds struggle in the ditch, His honest vicar of Wakefield, Forever he will pleasure yield.


The following ode was read by the author at the Centennial Anniversary of Burns in the year 1859.

This night shall never be forgot For humble life none now despise, Since Burns was born in lowly cot Whose muses wing soars to the skies.

'Round Scotia's brow he wove a wreath And raised her name in classic story A deathless fame he did bequeath, His country's pride, his country's glory.

He sang her hills, he sang her dales, Of Bonnie Doon and Banks of Ayr, Of death and Hornbook and such tales As Tam O'Shanter and his mare.

He bravely taught that manly worth More precious is than finest gold, He reckoned not on noble birth, But noble deeds alone extolled.

Where will we find behind the plow Or in the harvest field at toil Another youth, sweet bard, like thou, Could draw the tear or raise the smile.

We do not think 'twas Burns' fault, For there were no teetotalers then, That Willie brewed a peck of malt And Robin preed like other men.

'Tis true he loved the lasses dear, But who for this would loudly blame, For Scotia's maids his heart did cheer And love is a true heavenly flame.

So here we've met in distant land Poor honest Robin to extol, Though oft we differ let us stand United now in Ingersoll.


When Burns did make triumphant entry 'Mong Edina's famous gentry, A discussion did there arise Among those solons learned and wise, About some lines by a new poet. The author's name none did know it, Poem was of Canadian snow And how o'er it the blood did flow, For it had then been swept by war Where armies met in deadly jar.

But 'mong philosophers was boy Of tender years now Scotland's joy, He there did quickly quote each line And author's name he did define, Burns glanced at him with loving eyes, Youth ever more that look did prize, The happiest moment in his lot Ever revered by Walter Scott. Thus Scotlands greatest poets met, And they did part with sad regret.


The South of Scotland did produce Heroic Wallace and the Bruce, And even time will never blot The record of her Burns and Scott, And Tanahill renowned bard, And that sweet songster Ettrick Shepherd.


Burns sang so sweet behind the plow, Daisies we'll wreath around his brow, Musing on thee what visions throng, Of floods you poured of Scottish song. Scott he did write romancing rhymes Of chivalry of ancient times; For tender feeling none can cope With Campbell the sweet Bard of hope. Eye with sympathetic tear in Will shed it for Exile of Erin, And Tannahill while at his loom Wove flowers of song will ever bloom. Hogg, Ettrick Shepherd, did gain fame By singing when the kye comes hame, With good time coming Bard McKay Still merrily doth cheer the way.


The wondrous shepherd James Hogg Was happy with his good sheep dog, Meditating o'er his sweet lays While his fleecy flocks did graze.

His education it came late After he reached to man's estate, While his flocks were busy feeding His favourite authors he was reading.

Wondrous tales he did rehearse Of witches both in prose and verse, And he in fairy tales did glory Traditions of each shepherd's story.

The shepherd he sang late and early Of the deeds of bold Prince Charley, And how the charming bonnie Flora Soothed the Prince when in his sorrow.

Few songs possess so much vigor As his gathering of McGregor, The lover's heart is all aflame To meet lassie when the kye comes hame.

But one who loved the shepherd's songs And sang them unto countless throngs, Great Kennedy has passed away Now mournful is our Scottish lay.


The Romans, Saxons and the Danes Did oft o'er run the Scottish plains. So daring were those mauraders And skilful too were invaders.

The lowland man enjoyed his farm, But oft he was in great alarm, When Highlanders o'er plain would sweep And drive to hills his steers and sheep.

For highlandmen were taught in song The lowlands to them did belong, Each highland chief he ruled like king And Bards they did his praises sing,

In war the chief he led the van, Marching to battle with his clan, And when the foe attacked their chief The clansmen rushed to his relief.

When they King William's forces mass In Killicrankie's famous pass, The highlanders with joy and glee Rushed on them led by bold Dundee.

Lowland troops they would not tarry But they strove to ford the Garry, Soon many on the field lay dead, In river floated many a head.

For clansmen with the good broad sword Of battlefield they soon were Lord, And historians will rank the Chief highland victory of Killicrankie.

Again there sweeps the highland clans, Victorious at Preston Pans, Under Prince Charlie full of hope, They drove the troops were led by Cope.

But from Culloden Charlie flies While Highland blood the heather dyes, For months he wandered 'mong the hills Young Flora strove to soothe his ills.

While he was hunted by blood hounds, For sake of thirty thousand pounds, But Highlanders the gold despise, And honor only each doth prize.

At last to Charlie's great delight, From France a vessel hove in sight, And safely bore the gallant Prince To the sunny shores of France.

And may once more each hill and glen Be filled with hardy Highland men, Who love bagpipes and bonnets blue And give to Britain soldiers true.


Worthy of either song or story Are the shires round frith of Moray, Here lies the valley of Strathspey, Famed for its music, lively, gay, Elgin cathedral's 'prentice aisle Is glory of that ruined pile. What modern chisel now could trace Fine sculpture of that ancient place, And Forres famed for Sweno's stane In honor of that kingly Dane, 'Graved with warriors runes and rhymes, Long prior to historic times, For a thousand years its been forgot Who was victor Dane or Scot, It is the country of McBeth Where good King Duncan met his death, And barren heath that place of fear Stood witches cauldron of Shakespeare, Nairn's Cawdor castle strong remains Full worthy of the ancient Thanes, And nestled 'neath the hills and bens Queen of the moors, the lochs and glens, Full proudly stands in vale of bliss Chief Highland town of Inverness, Near here the famous falls of Foyers Where Burns and others tuned their lyres, And the fatal field of dark Culloden Where doughty clans were once down trodden, Here men yet wear the tartan plaid Ready to join the Highland Brigade, And when the Frith you look across The eye beholds Sutherland and Ross, Where Duke has harnessed mighty team, Plows hills and rocks and moors by steam, Perhaps it may in part atone For cruel clearings days bygone, And Cromarty, whose wondrous mason, First learned his geologic lesson, Friends may rear a stately pillar, The old red sand stone of Hugh Miller, Ben Wyvis towers like monarch crowned, Conspicuous o'er the hills around, With crest 'ere white with driven snow, Strathpeffer's water cure below.


Scotsmen have wandered far and wide From Moray Frith to Frith of Clyde, McDonald from his sea girt isle, And Campbell from his broad Argyle.

But chiefly here you have come forth From those counties of the north, Some oft have trod Dunrobins halls And gazed upon its stately walls.

Here to night in this array Is Murray, McKenzie and McKay, And there doth around us stand The Munroe, Ross and Sutherland.

Your young men have high honor earned In all of the professions learned, Your bonnie lasses sung in song, And youths are famed for muscle strong.


Scotia's sons to-night we meet thee, With kindly feelings we do greet thee, In honor of the land of heather, Around this board to-night we gather.

Land where the fields for border edges, Have garlands of blooming hedges, Land of the whin and of the broom And where the bonnie blue bells bloom.

Land where you may enraptured hark To heavenly song of the skylark, Which soars triumphant in the skies Above the gaze of human eyes.

Land of bleak hills and fertile dales, Where they tell oft their fairy tales, Land where the folks do love the kirk And on the Sabbath cease from work.

Land of porridge and of brose, Of blue bonnets and of tartan hose, The land where all good wives do bake The thrifty, wholesome, oaten cake.

We hope some day to tread the strand Of our own dear native land, And o'er the sea we'll some day sail To get a bowl of good green kail.


The Thurso baker Robert Dick[E] Armed with his hammer and his pick, Dame nature's secrets did reveal, Which she for ages did conceal.

In Banff has genius found regard In the person of an Edward,[F] Who now does rank among the first In the world as naturalist.

[E] Dick was both a geologist and botanist and was of great service to Hugh Millar.

[F] Edward is a shoemaker by trade, remarkable for his knowledge of the lower grades of animated nature.


In youth we spent a pleasant day Round Castle Gordon on the Spey, There is no Clan can gird the sword on, Can compare with the Clan Gordon, In India, China and Soudan, They manfully have led the van.


Oft' times these handsome gentlemen appeared in the garb of old Gaul.

Long 'ere Her Majesty the Queen Had visited of Aberdeen, 'Ere she in castle did abide 'Mong glorious hills on the Dee side, Or visited each Highland glen, Or won the hearts of Highland men, Here oft' was seen in celtic dress Two Stewarts brave in Inverness, Well worthy of the poet's lyre. They claimed Prince Charlie as grandsire, And that they also did combine Stuart with Royal Polish line, Their names Sobieskie, Stuart, They won many a Highland heart, But Royal order did go forth To build Balmoral Castle North, Then wondrous change was quickly seen, All hearts were captured by the Queen.

The Royal Stuarts are owners of large estates on the banks of the Findhorn and their great rivals were near by the Royal Comyns. The Lion Hunter Gordon Comyn was of this stock. Professor J. S. Blockie has written a fine poem on the wars of the rival houses.

"Here where the dark water'd stream rushes free, child of the mountain."


Read at Anniversary.

Our ancient custom to renew, We meet to honor St. Andrew, He was of the Jewish nation, A fisherman by occupation; No warlike knight with lance and sword But humbly following his Lord; And Scotia she justly claims Her soil contains his last remains, In early times the Pilgrims drew Into the shrine of St. Andrew, For miracles it gained renown, And thence sprang up St. Andrew's town; Now clansmen twine round maple leaf, When rallying at the call of chief, And time will come when we'll be one, And proud of name Canadian, But Scotia must not be forgot For sake of Chalmers, Burns and Scott, But here upon Canadian soil A man may own where he doth toil, For here each may enjoy the charm Of owning fine prairie farm.

Entwining of the thistle around the maple tree, Scotia's sons have indented their names deep in Canadian history. The names of McDonald, McKenzie, Cameron and Mowat stand conspicuous, and Brown second to none. For wealth, enterprise and benevolence those Montreal Scotsmen stand high, Sir Donald A. Smith, Sir George Stephens and Duncan McIntyre.


The Glasgow people do take pride In their river both deep and wide, In early times the youth and maid Did o'er its shallow waters wade.

But city money did not grudge, And dug it deep with the steam dredge, And now proudly on its bosom floats The mighty ships and great steamboats.

No wonder citizens take pride For they themselves have made the Clyde, Great and navigable river, Where huge fleets will float forever.

Dunbarton's lofty castle rock[G] Which oft' has stood the battle's shock, The river it doth boldly guard, So industry may reap reward.

But more protection still they deem Is yet required so down the stream Strong batteries are erected, So commerce may be safe protected.

Old ocean now he doth take pride To see upon his bosom ride The commerce of his youngest bride, The fair and lovely charming Clyde.

[G] Mr. James Sinclair of this town has written a fine piece remonstrating against the removal of the sword of Wallace from its old place of safety, Dunbarton Castle.


A lad brought up in Highland vale Who did believe each fairy tale, Which his grannie oft' to him told, And of witches and of warlocks bold, And he himself would often pour For hours reading wizard lore. One night his mother to the town In a hurry sent him down, So o'er his pony he did stride, And to the town did fearful ride, He thought that demons they would rush On him from every rock and bush, And as he rode through the quarry It did great increase his flurry, He felt that fiends with fiercest hate Would surely there seal fast his fate.

But town he reached and 'neath his vest He parcel pressed close to his breast, The pony now he mounts once more For to pass quarry as before, But, alas, at that fatal spot He heard a gun, he was elf shot, He felt that from his breast a flood Was pouring down of his heart's blood, But he clung fast to pony's back, Though loss of blood his frame did rack, But in spite of his alarms He resolved to die in mother's arms, And when he reached his own door He said that he was drenched in gore, From bullet hole all in his breast. His father opened up his vest, And he did sadly fear the worst But found yeast bottle had but burst.


A tale we'll tell of what hath been When maids and youths kept Hallowe'en, It is a tale of old world lore What happened in the days of yore, When fairies danced upon the green So merrily on Hallowe'en, And witches did play many a trick Assisted by their auld friend Nick, And lovers meet around the fire Near to the one their hearts desire, For to burn nuts for to discover The truthfulness of their lover. They first did give each nut a name, This was Sandy, that was Jane. If they did blaze side by side, She knew her husband, he his bride, But if one up the chimney flew, One knew the other was not true. And one sure test did never fail, Blindfold to find good stock of kale, To pull the first comes to the hand With heavy roots of earth and sand, For the very weight of mould Does denote weight of lovers gold. In tubs children love to splatter, Ducking for apples in the water, For such were the delights of yore, Which soon will cease for evermore; At Balmoral Castle Britain's Queen Oft' celebrated Hallowe'en, But Highland landlords now do clear Land of men to make room for deer, But here upon Canadian soil A man may own where he doth toil.


Like fruit that's large and ripe and mellow, Sweet and luscious is Longfellow, Melodious songs he oft did pour And high was his Excelsior. He shows in his Psalm of Life The folly of our selfish strife, With Hiawatha we bewail His suffering in great Indian tale. Indian nation was forlorn Till great spirit planted corn; His story of Evangeline It is a tale of love divine.


A great enchanter too is Poe, His bells do so harmonious flow, Wondrous mystery of his raven On our minds is 'ere engraven, His wierd, wonderful romances Imagination oft entrances.


With pleasure we would love to dwell On the charming themes of Lowell.


Some in front rank will defiant, Boldly place the poet Bryant.


Others seek for music in the twitter Of the sweet, charming notes of Whittier.


The mind that's sad it doth relax The humor of the witty Saxe, He puts us in a cheerful mood, Mirthful as our own Tom Hood.


In homely apparel one Clothes farming songs Will Carleton, But they have a manly ring And we his praises hearty sing.


And Millar poet of Sierras, For bold deeds he doth prepare us, And now he lives by the golden gate, Honored in California's state, To poet 'tis position grand, Commissioner of Forest land.


O'er flowery fields full oft he roams, The learned and pleasing genial Holmes.


For erratic style he leads van, Wildly wayward Walt Whitman, He done grand work in civil war, For he did dress many a scar, And kindly wet the hot parched mouth Of Northern soldiers wounded South.


As one by one the lofty actors of the age Withdraw from changing play on history's page, The act of war and peace of old and new contending For it is long 'ere there's harmonious blending.

And many a noble actor brave and bold Hath perished in the fight between the new and old, The victor and the vanquished Lincoln and Lee, The former he four million slaves set free.

The latter General fought with bravery and science, The first he on the Lord placed strong reliance, And in the justice of his cause he bade the North As grand emancipators they should issue forth.

And o'er great North the conquering name of Grant His mighty deeds of valour they 'ere more will chant, And now doth pass from stage this last named actor, In crushing Southern slavery potent factor.


The United States is wondrous land, Within its mighty borders grand, They are a world unto themselves, In South the Negro plows and delves.

Raising tobacco, sugar, cotton, Grapes and rice too may be gotten, The west for corn, cattle and swine, On which millions o'er the world dine.

The silver hills of Colorado, Equaled only by Nevada, And o'er the world you can't behold Aught like California's mines of gold.

To vast extent her exports reaches, Of grapes and oranges and peaches, And Florida the land of flowers Is famous for its orange bowers.

Pennsylvania's hills environ Wondrous mines of coal and iron, Great marvel of these modern days, All you require yourselves could raise.

But still Canadians are content With their own half of continent, Though Uncle Sam is most wealthy, Canada's content and healthy.

Sam and her are blood relation, Sprung alike from British nation, May peaceful odes alone be sung 'Tween people of one race and tongue.

When Canada's ten million strong, Then none will dare to do her wrong, Either as a youthful nation Or in Imperial Federation.


The water spouts up from the ground And there doth form a pond around, 'Tis fed from no apparent rills, And it near by drives several mills.

And here the little ponds are seen Where fish are propogate by Green, Fish hatcheries here had their birth, And now they're spread o'er all the earth.

Here in each pond thousands of trout Rush around their circular route, Of various breeds, age and size, Speckled o'er with various dyes.

Geologists do gaze with pride On specimens all petrified, Here church is built of those rare stone, Fish, reptiles, birds, in days bygone.

Strange thoughts in mind it doth awake, As it is far from sea and lake, Even the hill tops do abound With proofs here flowed the sea profound.

With reverence we gaze around On an ancient burial ground, Those who once did tread the heather Now rest quietly here together.


On grassy amphitheatre, Spectators sit to view the war, 'Mong bold contestants on the plain Where each doth strive the prize to gain.

Come witness the great tug of war, And see great hammer thrown afar, See running, jumping, highland fling, At concert hear the skylark sing.

And the bagpipes will send thrills, Like echoes from the distant hills, And the bold sound of the pibroch, Which does resound o'er highland loch.

Young men and maids and fine old dames Will gather on the banks of Thames, And though we have a tug of war 'Twill leave no wound or deadly scar.


'Twas on a pleasant eve in May, Just as the sun shed its last ray, The bell it rang, citizens to warn, For lo! a fire appears in barn.

An ancient barn near hotel stood, The joining buildings all were wood, This barn a relic of the past, There farmers' horses were made fast.

Our once fair town is now in woe, And we have had our Chicago, But soon a nobler town will rise, For our town is all enterprise.


The prominent names in Masonry are Kings Solomon and Hiram and St. John.

Craft of King Hiram and St. John, They figurative work on stone, King Hiram he is the old sire And he was famous King of Tyre.

But great as King upon a throne Is the good, kind, true St. John, Cathedrals did craftsmen raise, Fills all our minds now with amaze.

No modern chisel has the power To trace such leaf, and bud, and flower, But though our structures now are rude Let us all make the mortar good.

And this injunction never spare, To have the work both plumb and square, And it must have no crack nor flaw, So masters will lay down the law.

Of all our work this is the chief, To give the needy ones relief, And with truth and brotherly love We sublime structure raise above.

The greatest honor has been won By that great builder Solomon, And craftsmen o'er the world do sing The praises of that mighty King.


We look in vain for our Past Grands, Now scattered over many lands, Now some o'er the wide world do rove, And some have joined Grand Lodge above, But ever since Father Adams' fall We are dependent creatures all, Though man is weak yet he may join With others strength for to combine.

The illustration it is grand, Five Oddfellows in one hand, And yet they all united stand, Each finger hath a different length, Each finger varies in its strength, Each one is weak, but a firm fist, You can scarcely break or twist, 'Tis same with members of a lodge, United them you cannot budge.

Then let us linked with pleasant chain, Friendship, love and truth maintain, And aid our brothers in distress, The widows and the orphans bless, Then let each lodge strive all it can, Both Oxford and Samaritan To aid distressed brother man, Extending influence for good, And universal brotherhood.


The following lines were written at the request of a little girl, who said she would recite them at a Sunday School entertainment. Prof. J. S. Blackie of Edinburgh, in a letter acknowledging the receipt of my book, said he considered this piece worthy of being committed to memory in the public schools. Sir Daniel Wilson of Toronto University also approves of them as containing good sentiments and should be impressed on the minds of the young.

Dressing in fashion will be called vain, And they'll call you a dowdy if you are plain, But do what is right, let that be the test, Then proudly hold up your head with the best. For people will talk.

You will never be wrong if you do what is right, And this course pursue with all of your might, And if you're a child going to school, Or full grown up take this for your rule. For people will talk.

The best way to do is to let them rave And they'll think more of you if you are brave, For no one will ever think you are rude If you are determined for to be good. For people will talk.

Little girl on her way to Sunday School class, Rude boys sometimes will not let her pass, But if they see she is not afraid They soon will respect the brave little maid. For people will talk.

Little girls should learn to knit and to sew, Then if to womanhood they ever grow, Their hose they can knit and make their own dress, And pathway of life for others they bless. For people will talk.

And their homes they should make tidy and neat, Everything should be so clean and so sweet, This line for ourselves out we will chalk And we are determined in it to walk. For people will talk.


Lines on the death of my only son, who died on the 5th of July, 1876, on the anniversary of his mother's death.

His mother from celestial bower, In the self-same day and hour Of her death or heavenly birth, Gazed again upon the earth, And saw her gentle, loving boy, Once source of fond maternal joy, In anguish on a couch of pain. She knew that earthly hopes were vain, And beckoned him to realms above To share with her the heavenly love.


Providential escape of Ruby and Neil McLeod, children of Angus McLeod of this town. Little Neil McKay McLeod, a child of three years of age, was carried under a covered raceway, upwards of one hundred yards, the whole distance being either covered o'er with roadway, buildings or ice.

A wondrous tale we now do trace Of little children fell in race, The youngest of these little dears, The boy's age is but three years.

While coasting o'er the treacherous ice, These precious pearls of great price, The elder Ruby, the daughter, Was rescued from the ice cold water.

But horrid death each one did feel, Had sure befallen little Neil, Consternation all did fill, And they cried shut down the mill.

But still no person they could tell What had the poor child befel, The covered race, so long and dark, Of hopes there scarcely seemed a spark.

Was he held fast as if in vice, Wedged 'mong the timbers and the ice, Or was there for him ample room For to float down the narrow flume.

Had he found there a watery grave, Or borne along on crest of wave, Think of the mother's agony wild, Gazing through dark tunnel for her child.

But soon as Partlo started mill, Through crowd there ran a joyous thrill, When he was quickly borne along, The little hero of our song.

Alas! of life there is no trace, And he is black all over face, Though he then seemed as if in death, Yet quickly they restored his breath.

Think now how mother[H] she adored Her sweet dear child to her restored, And her boundless gratitude Unto the author of all good.

[H] Mrs. Mary McKay McLeod, the author of some fine poems on Scottish and Canadian subjects.

Moral and Reflective.


Great wonder is the human brain, How it impressions doth retain, Inscribed on it are autographs, And there is also photographs.

And every hill and plain and nook, It is deep graven in this book, A great variety here belongs, Snatches of sermons and of songs.

Here you'll find are numerous themes, Both mighty thoughts and foolish dreams, Here love and hope so bright and fair, There hate and doubt and dark despair.

And here is too the bower of bliss, Where youthful lovers first did kiss, Here are memories of childhood And of old ages thoughtful mood.

View well the whole, 'tis a strange sight, Both of suffering and delight, You see the parting with old friend, And where new hearts with yours do blend.

Greatest blessing, hope of heaven, For our comfort it is given, Indented deep in mind of wise Are glories of the heavenly prize.


Now let the hero of our song, Be he who gentle treats the throng, And would not cruel treat another, But to each be as to a brother.

And he must have both sense and wit, And be possessed of strength and grit, Then strong as proof of holy writ, For to survive he is most fit.

And according to our test, The fittest only is the best, These have a right for to survive, And well they do deserve to thrive.

And this kind of evolution It will bring no revolution, But revolve in Christian sphere, Where scripture truths are prized and dear.

Give us the man doth persevere, And presses on in his career, Undaunted struggling for the right, Though all mankind 'gainst him unite.

Though now on top of highest mount, Where he has found true honour's fount, Yet those below he don't despise, But strives to aid them for to rise.


Politeness, perseverance and pluck, To their possessor will bring good luck.


A picture hung in a public hall, And it was much admired by all, Painted by a true artist's hand, The subject it was truly grand.

Its fame o'er the whole world resounds, Valued at ten thousand pounds, Beauteous lady none 'ere passed her, She was the work of an old master.

At last a critic keen did gaze And saw 'twas work of modern days, Then quick it was pronounced a daub, And artist but a money grab.

The true, the noble and the grand, Will lend to struggling helping hand, Then let no man of dues be shorn, If he a subject doth adorn.


We love cold water as it flows from the fountain, Which nature hath brewed alone in the mountain; In the wild woods and in the rocky dell, Where man hath not been but the deer loves to dwell; And away across the sea in far distant lands, In Asia's gloomy jungles and Africa's drifting sands; Where to the thirsty traveller a charming spot of green Is by far the rarest gem his eyes have ever seen; And when he has quenched his thirst at the cooling spring, With many grateful songs he makes the air to ring; For many nights he dreams of this scene of bliss, And when he thinks of Heaven it is of such as this.


A good kind man who knew no malice, Happy with wife and daughter Alice, More precious far to him than gold, His little darling six years old.

True nobleman with many friends, His career too soon it ends, The casket friends enshrined with flowers, While soul had fled to heavenly bowers.

The wreaths were lovely, but the star, Admired by all was gates ajar, The widow led her little girl To where death his dart did hurl.

And stricken her poor father down, But child exclaimed he's won the crown, And he will watch for me afar, And keep for me the gates ajar.

And when we cross the crystal fount, He will point out the heavenly mount, Here neither sun nor moon doth shine, Lighted with radiance all divine.

For I know well for me he'll wait Anxious at the pearly gate, For I would fear to view alone The glories of the heavenly throne.

Pa will admit his little Alice Safe into the heavenly palace, And glories to me will unfold As we tread the streets of gold.


In a great city hospital There lay poor Mary Crosby small, She had no friends her heart to cheer, So time with her passed sad and drear.

She sought for ease but all in vain, Month after month she passed in pain, She had no relative nor friend Who aid or comfort could her lend.

A surgeon saw her cheerless state, And deplored the poor child's fate, She tried to make doll of her finger, And sang to it poor little singer.

Her's indeed was an awful lot, The weary days she spent in cot, For the poor child she could not walk, And it soon exhausted her to talk.

But surgeon bought her ribbon gay, And with it she all day did play, The giver often she did bless, And thought sometimes she was princess.

For in it she did take such pride, She fancied she was beauteous bride, And was possessed of great riches, Or thought herself a wealthy Duchess.

And she would bind it round her hair, Imagining that she was fair. But poor child feels that she must die, She asks the surgeon to come nigh.

And kindly o'er her he doth stand, She asked him for to take her hand, Thanked him for ribbon green and blue, Then evermore bade him adieu.


Poetry to us is given, As stars beautify the Heaven, Or, as the sunbeams when they gleam, Sparkling so bright upon the stream, And the poetry of motion Is ship sailing o'er the ocean; Or, when the bird doth graceful fly, Seeming to float upon the sky, For poetry is the pure cream, And essence of the common theme.

Poetic thoughts the mind doth fill, When on broad plain to view a hill, On barren heath how it doth cheer, To see in distance herd of deer, And poetry breathes in each flower, Nourished by the gentle shower, In song of birds upon the trees, And humming of busy bees, 'Tis solace for the ills of life, A soothing of the jars and strife, For poets feel 'tis a duty To sing of both worth and beauty.


Love it is the precious loom, Whose shuttle weaves each tangled thread, And works flowers of exquisite bloom, Shedding their perfume where we tread.


Step, step, step, 'tis her lover's walk, She knows his step as well's his talk; He is the favorite of her choice, So his step's familiar as his voice.

Step, step, step, she now is wed, And it is now her husband's tread; His homeward step it cheers her life, For she is a kind faithful wife.

But he the husband and yet lover, His steps at last do cease forever; And she doth soon hear the tread Of men who do bear out the dead.

Her heart it now doth throb with pain, Though she knows sorrow is but vain; For him she never can recall, And no more hear his footsteps fall.

But still she hopes he yet will come And visit her in their old home; But time approaches, she must die, Her husband's footsteps she hears nigh.

Step, step, step, we ne'er shall part, I hear the echo in my heart; Now happiness dispels the gloom, Radiant with joy my face doth bloom.

Pain and suffering all are past, She joyous cried he's come at last; And soon she breathes out her last breath, He guides her through the vale of death.


Do not despise the humble weed, For the Lord He first sowed the seed, Perhaps it bears most precious fruit, And useful leaves and potent root.

Though it seems now a useless weed, Countless millions it yet may feed, Or future ages it may prize, Finding in it beauteous dyes.

Or a valued healing balm, Will make the heated pulse beat calm, And the future men of science, May place on it strong reliance.

And it may play important part, In advancing skill and art, And no person now doth know How useful are the weeds that grow.

Weeds we now look on with loathing, They may yet be used for clothing, Producing silken glossy coat, Or paper fine for the bank note.

But you at present must take heed, And do not grow the cumbrous weed, Either in garden or in field, Where plants with profit now do yield.


In ancient times we have been told A goose did lay an egg of gold, She did produce one every day, So regular this goose did lay.

But her stupid foolish master Wanted her to lay them faster, And he at last the goose did kill, Gold grist no more came to his mill.

But a strange tale we now unfold, In California's mines of gold, There they keep both hens and chickens, 'Mong the gravel scratching pickings.

But hens do find the golden shiner, Is too heavy for their dinner, For it they cannot well digest, As it lies solid in their breast.

Then they are slain and you behold In their craw the shining gold, Made up of particles so fine, The purest gold in all the mine.

Then how happy is the miner, When he has sweet fowl for dinner, And he doth find within its craw, A little golden bonanza.

And in Ontario the hen Is worthy of the poet's pen, For she doth well deserve the praise Bestowed on her for her fine lays.


I tell you what my little Dora, You do cause my heart to sorrow, Tell me now you little misses What you do with all your kisses.

I see you get them by the dozen From each aunt and little cousin, Said she I do intend dear pa To give them all to you and ma.

And not a single one I'll miss, But I will give you back each kiss, And both of you will feel you're blest When I pay you interest.

You'll better in my bank invest And put my principle to test, And you can dividend partake, For my bank will never break.


This good woman when in this life, She was kind mother and good wife, And managed her household with care, She and her husband happy pair.

And her name it will long be praised By the large family she has raised, She laid up treasures in the skies, And now enjoys the Heavenly prize.

She rose each morn with happy smile, And ardent all the day did toil, For work it to her had a charm, And busy was each hand and arm.


A hawk while soaring on the wing, O'er a tiny sparkling spring, Beheld a sleek and beauteous mink, Was enjoying a bath and drink.

And though the hawk was bent on slaughter The mink was more at home on water, And it is strange this curious quarrel All occurred in a sunk barrel.

In the Township of Nissouri, There the hawk it came to sorrow, But it strove often for to sink, In vain it strove to drown the mink,

But mink it did successful balk, All the attacks were made by hawk, The bird was drenched, it could not fly, And ne'er again it soared on high.


Where each one expressed some sentiment.

In this album you may trace, If not the lineaments of face, There at least you will find Photographs of the mind.

Some in earnest some in fun, Some do lecture some do pun, Here the maiden and the youth, Each proclaim some precious truth.

And there is here some fine pages, Written by maturer ages, Where they show that time is brief, That soon comes sere and yellow leaf.


There was a maiden all forlorn, She loved a youth, his name was Thorn, But he was shy for to disclose How he loved dear the sweet May Rose.

Lustre sweet it would give to Thorn, If this fair flower would it adorn, Said he all other names above Your charming name alone I love.

Said she of beauty 'tis soon shorn, Unless that it is joined to Thorn, It very soon doth droop and die, And she heaved a gentle sigh.

Said he we'll wed to-morrow morn, No more from me you shall be torn, For you will banish all my woes, And near my heart I'll wear the rose.

Now little rose buds they are born, All clinging to the parent Thorn, In grace and beauty each one grows, Full worthy of the sweet May Rose.

Some flowers they only shed their bloom In the sweet month of leafy June, But May doth bloom each month in year A fragrant Rose forever dear.


For to save life one great solver Would be to prohibit the revolver, Weapon of coward and of bully, Who slaughter friends in their folly.

Let now no man or any boy, With loaded arms ever toy, Showing off their manly vigor, Pointing to friend and pulling trigger.

And sending bullet through their brain, And then exclaim in mournful strain, When friends with grief they are goaded, I did not know that it was loaded.

Fire arms oft' times do bring woes, And they kill more friends than foes, Hunting now o'er fertile fields, 'Tis seldom that it profit yields.


A poor man stood beside his door, His sad fate for to deplore, For landlord's heart would not relent, And seized his furniture for rent.

He hears song sweet as from fairy, And soon he sees a canary, Into his cage it did alight And poured forth notes sweet and bright.

But owner of the bird did mourn, And sadly longed for its return, Without it she found no delight, So she did landlord's bill requite.

The poor man thinks the bird was sent By the Lord to pay up his rent, And he now stout maintains from thence That there is a kind Providence.


A poor man's horse it ran away, Soon man upon the roadside lay, With his leg all badly broken, Of sympathy some gave token.

One said your trouble grieves my heart, But with his money would not part, Another said, while heaving sighs, It brings the tears into mine eyes.

But a good true hearted man, His heart with kindness it o'er ran, The poorest man among the three, A pound he did contribute free.

Others gave in empty feeling, But this poor man he did bring healing, The giver only Lord doth prize, Who helps afflicted for to rise.


"O for a lodge in some vast wilderness" A man cried out in his distress, For he was tired and sick of life, And weary of this worldly strife, And longed for to be far away From the continuous daily fray.

But the fond partner of his life, His own dearest, loving wife, Those sentiments did not admire, For fiercely they did rouse her ire, Said she, I'll never let you budge To go and join another lodge, Your lodges take six nights each week, And still another lodge you seek, Continuous abroad you'll roam, And never enter your own home.


An old man who had charge of field, With pride he saw two birds did build, A broad capacious warm nest, So full of young with speckled breast,

And when the old man there did pass, They soon ran merry 'mong the grass, But of the youth they were so shy, They made strong efforts for to fly.

Youths tried with old man to prevail, To let them blaze away at quail, But though they longed for a fat pot, At them they never got a shot.

No more the old man doth them shield, For they have flown to broader field, Long may they spread their wings and tail, And may no foe them 'ere assail.


His identity was discovered by finding the maker's name on the suit he wore and by sending a strip of the cloth to the maker in Montreal.

A young man's body long it lay In bottom of Toronto Bay, But at last the waters bore, And raised him up near to the shore.

But no one knew his rank or station, No one knew his home or nation, But his form and dress were genteel, And sorrow many they did feel.

Kind man took charge of the remains, And was well rewarded for his pains, So skilful he did him embalm, Restored the features sweet and calm.

The father came and he did bless The man who did restore the face, And saved for him his son's remains, And thus he fame and honor gains.


Where it was announced ten days previous that the cereus would bloom, August, 1888.

We own we felt a little curious, To see the rare night blooming cereus, And as if 'twas divine anointed, It came in bloom at the time appointed, And gorgeous too their oleander, None 'ere saw shrub blossom grander.


In summer time we roam o'er dingle, But winter draws us round the ingle, Why do you remain thus single, When love would make two hearts tingle, Pray, tell me why my dearest wingle, With the fair you do not mingle, Better with love 'neath cot of shingle, Than all your yellow gold to jingle.

For married life you would enjoy, And soon a little girl and boy, They would your leisure hours employ, At Christmas you could buy each toy, And fill their little hearts with joy, For their amusements never cloy, Business cares do men annoy, Child's happiness knows no alloy.


After chatting with each friend, We our way to the table wend, On it we all do make a raid, And this we call a ladies' aid.

'Tis pleasant way of taking tea, Improvement on the old soiree, On such a time as this I find Food for body and for mind.

Gladly all obey the call, To attend this pleasant social, And we hope none will lament The time and money they have spent.


"Revenge is sweet, especially to women."--Byron.

I heard Bill say to-day, Mary, That you are a charming fairy, And that to town he'd give you drive, But just as sure as you're alive, He does intend to have the bliss, Of stealing from your lips a kiss.

I'll let him drive me now, Jane, His efforts they will all be vain, I hate him, and I him defy, And anger flashed from her eye, The monster's wiles I will defeat, Peck of strong onions I will eat.


Having received a letter from a gentleman glorying in his typewriter we replied as follows:

You glory in your typewriter, And its virtues you rehearse, But we prefer the old inditer, For to write either prose or verse.

And let each man work his will, But never never do abuse The ancient and glorious quill From the wing of a fine old goose.


We are in ancient stories told, All were brothers in days of old, But these with facts they do not chime For all mankind do love the dime, And worship the mighty dollar, And admire the golden collar, The rich man's washed with whitest lime, The poor man's cover'd o'er with slime, But we should try to love each other And treat each man as our brother.


Cheerful and happy was his mood, He to the poor was kind and good, And he oft' times did find them food, Also supplies of coal and wood, He never spake a word was rude, And cheer'd those did o'er sorrows brood, He passed away not understood, Because no poet in his lays Had penned a sonnet in his praise, 'Tis sad, but such is world's ways.



Let others sing their favourite lay, From early morn till close of day, More useful themes engage our pen, We sing the lay of our good hen.

For she doth lay each morn an egg, And it is full and large and big, Abroad she doth never travel, Happy she when scratching gravel.

And she loud cackles songs of praise Every morn when e'er she lays, Proud she is when she finds pickings For to feed her brood of chickens.

It greatly puzzled her one day When she found white nest egg of clay, She knew some one did trick play her, For she was no brick layer.

Vain and stately male bird stalks, Leading his hens along the walks, Proudly each feather in his tail Makes rival roosters for to quail.

Our muse now soars on feathery wing, And cheerful it doth hail the spring, Bringing the sunshine and showers, Green grass and buds and leafy bowers.

So pleasant is the month of May, When bushes shoot out blooming spray, 'Ere spring we're tired of winter's white, Spring's varied colours do delight.


Give me a board so I can trace on How high I have gone as a mason, Said worker on true square cut stone Unto some knights of good St. John.

Each one of them could trace with ease The highest Masonic degrees, Tell us how high then you have gone They said to worker on cut stone.

Who said to their astonishment To top of Washington monument, I solemnly to you declare And will swear to fact upon the square.

I there stood thirty-three degrees, While the mercury did freeze, And none of you will have desire In masonry for to go higher.



A hungry tramp did long for dish, And he stole a big bunch of fish, But he full soon did come to grief, He was quick captured as a thief.

And brought before the magistrate, So judge he would pronounce his fate, Judge asked him how he came by fish, The thief said for them he did wish,

The best fish ever came from brook, I own, my Lord, I did them hook, Said constable, he speaks what's true, And you must give the devil his due.

Then judge did constable rebuke, He owns fish if he did them hook, He has not broken any clause I know of in our fishery laws.

Unless you can show this reason, He has hooked them out of season, Your duty you have thus mistook, For man had right the fish to hook.

Fishing here it is not treason, Him you had no right to seize on, And when the poor man did fish hook, He had a right the same to cook.


Where frosts doth northern bays congeal, There you will find the finest seal, They do pursue them o'er each bay From early dawn till close of day.

The Indians display great zeal, Engaged in hunting of the seal, And ladies love for to display Their seal furs from this famous bay.

Most precious of all furs is seal, Their flesh is good as finest veal, And the seal it is a squatter, Lives on either land or water.

The Indian boys happy feel, When they capture the young seal, They do seem so happy ever, Sailing o'er each bay and river.

They train them their canoes to tow, And o'er the waters merry go, Full quick to right or left they wheel, Guided by reins the docile seal.

Like lad on colt without a saddle, These youths use no oar nor paddle, But swift o'er water rushes keel, For 'tis propelled by the fast seal.

To Uncle Sam we do appeal, How can you own the whole sea's seal, And at the same time claim our cod, If from the shore a mile abroad.


There is a peculiar snake, You might almost call it squatter, It loves to dive in pond or lake, At home on either land or water.

But it excited my good dog To see small snakes bask in the sun, Enjoying themselves on a big log, Near into where the water run.

But their mother she was watching Her numerous brood on the log, She thought to them was danger hatching, When she beheld myself and dog.

For she gave a hissing sound, All her offspring to awake, She ope'd her mouth and at a bound, Down her throat did rush each snake.

I scarcely my own eyes could trust, To see those small snakes disappear, I really thought that she would burst, For the sake of her offspring dear.

But I soon hid among the brakes, To view the young ones leave their prison, Will you believe this tale of snakes, If I did count right just four dozen.


Six hundred miles north of Cape Flattery, On sea there seemed a floating battery, And stream of blood did dye the water, Sailors wondered what was the matter.

But they soon saw a great sword fish With its bayonet make a quick rush, Into which proved to be large whale, And thrasher too did it assail.

The whale dived deep to save its life, But thrasher eager for the strife, Knew whale must rise for to get breath, Then it would thrash the whale to death.

At last the great whale it arose, And in distress it spouts and blows, In anger sweeps its mighty tail, Defensive weapon of the whale.

But thrasher high in air did leap, And fell on monster of the deep, The sword fish then it did advance, And assaulted it with its lance.

Thus united foes soon do prevail, And quick there floated a dead whale, The thrasher now victorious winner, From off the whale expected dinner.

But ship's crew they secured the prize, Whale bone and blubber monster size, Others fought but they only reap, The spoils of mammoth of the deep.


On Ganges banks roams the tiger, And lion rules by the Niger, Hunter heard shrill cry of peacocks, In Indian jungles go in flocks.

And he saw tiger crouch and spring, To crush a bird with beauteous wing, But the tiger missed his aim, And he hung his head with shame.

Then there came a mighty crush, Of elephants rush through the bush, The tiger cat-like crouched on ground, And elephants rushed in with bound.

In front was baby elephant, To crush its bones did tiger want, But mother saw fierce forest ranger, And she gave a cry of danger.

Leader of herd he madly rushed, Resolved the tiger should be crushed, But tiger strove to run away, Willing to relinquish prey.

But when he found that he must fight, On elephant's back he strove to light, But elephant struck him with his foot, And then with tusks he did him root.

So now once more must praise be sung, To beasts who nobly fight for young, And grateful feelings were now stirred, Towards the leader of the herd.


A sailor he was swept from deck, In minute he seem'd as a speck, Tossing on each briny wave, They feared the sea would be his grave.

Though they full quickly launched the boat, They could not see where he did float, He now was a long ways astern, His whereabouts they could not learn.

But while he on the waves did toss, He was seized by great Albatross, Who had been looking round in quest Of something whereon it could rest.[I]

It hover'd o'er him with its wings, And its great webb feet on him clings, And it tore him with its sharp beak, For it was longing for some steak.

But sailor seized it by the throat, And found with ease he then could float, So sailor's life was saved by loss Of the life of the Albatross.

The boat's crew found him none too soon, For he had fallen into a swoon, Him they would not have come across Had they not seen the Albatross.

And thus poor Jack his life was saved, For fierce rage of bird he braved, Though in a faint he still did cling, One arm round neck and one round wing.

For as a friend he did hug close That fine large bird the Albatross, Sailors row comrade back to ship, Where he relates his wondrous trip.

Sailors fear that many a cross[J] Will fall on crew kill Albatross, This was slain in self defence, And so no harm it came from thence.

"The lone Albatross incumbent on the air."

[I] According to E. A. Poe the Albatross sleeps in air.

[J] See Coleridge's Ancient Mariner for the calamity befell a crew for wantonly killing this bird.


Of the strange virtues of a ring, In simple strains we now will sing, Brave warrior of ancient France, Where danger was he did advance.

But he at last was struck by ball And on the battle field did fall, They dug for him a shallow grave And slightly cover'd warrior brave.

But his servant man with warm heart, Loathed with his master thus to part, So he moved soil from where he lay And found a lump of lifeless clay.

He turned away in sad despair, That could not be his master fair, That famed brave youth of noble birth, Now all stained o'er with blood and earth.

As he begins to move away The moon reflects on brilliant ray, From diamond ring on dead man's finger The servant now doth fondly linger.

For he knows it's his master's ring, And hopes to life he may him bring, In finger he discovers heat And hopes his heart it still may beat.

Though surgeons they pronounce him dead, For long he bathes his breast and head, And slowly master did restore To fight more brave than he had before.

And now this tale to close we bring, Of warrior saved by a ring, Full oft again to fight for king, His praise his countrymen they sing.


Johnston he is an engineer, He always looks if track is clear, For he hath a keen eagle eye, Danger afar he doth espy.

And he hath too a warm true heart, Of others woes he shares a part; One day he gazed far down the line, And a large dog he could define.

So eager busy on the track, In mouth it seemed to lift a pack, But it oftentimes did fail For to raise it o'er the rail.

The engineer put on his steam And he loud made his whistle scream, So that the dog would take alarm And thus preserve his life from harm.

This noble dog, it feared not danger, Fear to him it was a stranger, His mistress child he wished to save, And all the danger he would brave.

His last great effort did prevail, He raised it safe beyond the rail, Into a snug and hollow spot, A place seem'd formed for a child's cot.

This dog of noble mastiff breed, For his own safety took no heed, But at approaching train did bark, To make them to his troubles hark.

The engineer did sad bewail, To see the dog still on the rail, A moment more the beast is slain, Cut in two by the cruel train.

The engineer now shuts off steam For to investigate the theme, That caused the dog to die at post, Finds to save child its life it lost.

Faithful in the cause of duty, Saving life of little beauty, A little darling three year old, More precious than her weight in gold.

On track she wandered for to play, But soon she in quiet slumber lay, And all the efforts of old Towser, Were not able to arouse her.

The mother now in agony wild, Rushed down to train to find her child, There she found it sweetly sleeping, While some for faithful dog were weeping.

And a brave man was engineer, For he himself knew not of fear, But his heart was filled with pain, Because the noble dog was slain.


The engineer who drives the train, From scalds he oft doth suffer pain, And they are more noble scars, Than hirelings gain in foreign wars.

Our hero's name should live forever, Train wrecked in Columbia River, And fatal scalded was Frank Leach, In mid the river far from beach.

Heroic deed it should be sung. Though his flesh in ribbons hung, He saw a man who could not swim, And he resolved to rescue him.

And success his efforts crowned, He saved the man from being drowned, For him upon his back he bore, And boldly swam with him to shore.

Heroic deed we now enroll, And grave it deep on fame's scroll, For this great truth we wish to teach, High 'mong our heroes ranks Frank Leach.

When he had but short time to live, His strength and skill he both did give, His poor fellow man to save, From laying in a watery grave.

The heroes oft in days of old, Were those who hired to fight for gold, But the true heroes we revere Doth fight for home and country dear.


In the great Province of Bengal, The scavenger is the Jackal, For it doth love each night to feast, On the carrion of some beast.

The stench of which pollutes the air, But to this beast 'tis sweet and fair, Carcass to it is source of wealth, Jackals promote the public health.

When the "Seapoys" did rebel, A strange adventure child befell, An English Colonel and his wife, They thought still distant was the strife.

And left their little girl at home, While they to distant village roam; And thus saved their lives from slaughter, But rebels carried off their daughter.

Their servant woman, a Hindoo, They knew her to be kind and true, It almost drove her crazy wild, To see them dragging off the child.

The Colonel soon he doth return, And in his breast fierce rage doth burn, He knows the child is doomed to die, But he the rebels will defy.

So quick he doth gird on his sword, And asks for blessings from the Lord, He puts his pistols in their case, And carries with him trusty brace.

Seapoys by the river side Left child to drown in rising tide, But Jackal went there for water, And spied the Colonel's daughter.

He knew the river soon would rise, So quick he carried off the prize, Though love for child he does not feel, He only wants her for a meal.

He ran with her towards the south, Carrying her in his broad mouth, The Colonel had a strong desire On this savage beast for to fire.

But from it he refrained for fear The ball might strike his little dear, He saw that brute was now weary Running with his little dearie.

So he then quickly gave it chase, And full soon then he gained the race, The coward beast then dropped the child And fled away in terror wild.

With joy Colonel he doth weep When he finds babe is still asleep, And on it neither scar nor trace Can disfigure its fair face.

And now he takes it in his arms, With joy and pride surveys its charms, We fear that kisses did it smother When he handed it to mother.


'Mong silver hills of Nevada There is many a wild bravado, Who oft indulge in lawless vice, And there are pearls of great price.

Rough hearts, but true at the core, There is the genuine silver ore, But it needs skill of the refiner To find pure gems in the miner.

Far from their home two children stray, Among the mountains far away, The eldest of these travellers bold, Jack Smith he was but six years old.

So far poor children went abroad, That both at last they lost their road, But their good dog the trusty Rover, By scent and search doth them discover.

Their friends they search for them in vain, Dark night comes on and heavy rain; And savage wolves around them howl, But they fear Rover's bark and growl.

On the third day the searchers hark For sounds and they hear Rover's bark, Joyous that boys were alive, And that though feeble they survive.

Miners they left their silver ore, And for more precious pearls explore, And when the children they discover, 'Tis unbounded then their pleasure.

The eldest little hero bold Had stripped his coat to keep the cold From little brother three years old, A worthy deed should be extolled.

From home they were many a league, And weak with hunger and fatigue, Each clung upon a miner's back, On their way home down mountain track.


Once on a time a lady quarrelled With the witty Douglass Jerrold, Because that he had been so bold, To hint that she was growing old.

She said her hair was dark 'till one day She used an essence turned it gray, O, yes, said he, tincture of time Affects the hair in this our clime.


At great reunion of the South, Of those had faced the cannon's mouth, Where each could show a glorious scar He had received in the war.

And there was an artillery major, Said he, I am free to wager I fired the best shot in the war, And fame of it was heard afar.

The Federals fired at us a shell, And near our battery it fell, It gave us momentary alarm, But it caused us little harm.

For the fuse it ceased to burn, And I resolved shell to return To the same spot from whence it came, I put in fuse was sure to flame.

From mortar's mouth it went forth Seeking for vengeance on the North, And this swift messenger from South It entered their great cannon's mouth.

And blew the gun all into atoms, Which left desolate many homes, But North had justice on her side. In truth and virtue was her pride.

And high Heaven had well decreed That the poor slave he should be freed, And even the South doth prosper more With freedom than she did before.


An English ship when homeward bound, Near to its port was shipwrecked found, For it had struck a sunken rock, And was slowly sinking from the shock.

In port they quick did man life boat, Which o'er tempestuous sea did float, They rescued all the crew, save one, And were content with what they done.

But they had not their captain, Harry, Who on the shore was forced to tarry, And knew not of the disaster, So crew had worked without a master.

But when he heard of the shipwreck, And that a man was left on deck, He quickly hurried the boat's crew For to again attempt his rescue.

But earnestly his old mother, Reminded him of his lost brother, Perhaps drowned in foreign sea, She cried, son, stay and comfort me.

But wreck they reach and rescue man, And thrill of joy o'er city ran, When it was found 'twas Harry's brother, Had returned to comfort mother.

Thus providence rewards the brave Who strive their fellow men to save, The mother's griefs it did assuage, And happy now is her old age.


Gent on sidewalk held out his foot While boy in gutter brushed his boot, But at this time, how sad, alas, An unruly horse did o'er him pass.

The child for friends he sad did lack, They said he was but a shoeblack, Kind hearted man the poor child bore, To a soft cot in back of store.

And brought from hospital ward A skilful nurse the lad to guard, She often listened for his breath, As he was passing the vale of death.

But, poor child, once he ope'd his eyes, And he looked round in great surprise, Feebly he asked, heaving a sigh, Where in the world now am I.

The tender nurse bent o'er his face, And said, dear boy, you're in good place, She asked his name, he said it was Tom, And that for long he had no home.

And since his mother was stricken dead, He had not once reposed in bed, And while suffering child did rack, He eagerly asked will mother come back.

The nurse she gently answered, no, But, to your dear mother you can go, In his last sleep he had a dream, Shining up boots it was his theme.

He soon awoke and called out, mother, I see you and little brother, Christ, I know, has me forgiven, For they are beckoning me to Heaven.


Once on a time there lived a duck, And by its fishing it did thrive; So one day it longed to suck An oyster and for one did dive.

The oyster near shore lay open, The duck, its gizzard for to fill, Resolved that he would pop in Between the shells his sharp bill.

And then he would have glorious treat, But oyster closed on it its shell, And duck it got no oyster meat, But worse than that the duck befell.

This oyster was so very large, It held the duck's head under water, And towed small oysters like a barge, Each one clung to it like squatter.

Duck it died of too much moisture, And it floated towards the beach, And to its bill clung big oyster, Sticking to it like a horse leach.

On the shore there stood a shyster, Watching fat duck floating to him, And the wondrous big oyster, How fine it would be to stew them.

Alas the duck lost its dinner, And at the same time lost its life, But on it dined a hungry sinner, Who did reap all the spoils of strife.

For when the duck to land did float, It towed small oysters not a few, For it sailed like to a boat, With fat duck pie and oyster stew.

None can the poor duck's fate bewail, For it reckoned without its host, It strove for conquest and did fail, Fighting for spoil it battle lost.

You see the wild duck did not know, When it attacked the big oyster, It had to fight a numerous foe, Of these shell fish a whole cluster.

Borne feathers on briny billow, They were full of springy down, And they made a glorious pillow, Where fellow he could rest his crown.

This chap he did not plow nor sow, But from sea and land he did reap The wealth that others caused to grow, And thus he treasures up did heap.


A miner in California mine, For his distant home he did repine, In a far off Eastern state, Where did live his own dear mate.

And one great source of all his joy, His little darling baby boy, One night to drive his cares away To concert hall his footsteps stray.

And loud resounding o'er the hall, He heard a little boy squall, The sweetest music he e'er heard, Sweeter far than singing bird.

For his thoughts it caused to roam, To his distant eastern home, Near to the mine there were no trace Of baby dear or woman's face.

When violinist with his bow Did make exquisite music flow, The miner he did loudly bawl Stop fiddle and let baby squall.

My sad heart his cries doth cheer, Reminding me of my own dear, For sooner I would him behold, Than if I found a mine of gold.

For what are all the joys of life, So far away from child and wife, But few more months I will stay here Then join my wife and baby dear.


With our Canadian snow shoes, O'er snow you walk where'er you choose, But on long shoes Norwegian They are like narrow toboggan.

And all your movements you control By the aid of a stout long pole, With it you balance or propel But we show now what once befell.

Two miners full of pluck and game, Wished to locate a mining claim, On a high steep mountain crest In Colorado of the West.

Though snow was deep they would attempt Their good mine for to pre-empt, So up the mountain they do climb, Covered o'er with snow and rime.

Norwegian shoes slide over the snow, High and higher still they go, One was two hundred yards ahead, Till snow gives way where he doth tread.

Which quickly starts an avalanche, He seizes on a stout tree branch, But all in vain he rushes fast, His snow shoes in the avalanche.

His friend on shoes Norwegian, Like lightning down the hill he ran, Or rather o'er the ice did glide Down the long steep and glassy slide.

And after him the Avalanche, Tearing up trees both root and branch, The man on Avalanche doth yell To his friend you are doing well.

With your shoes Norwegian, Swifter than a toboggan, Go on, go on, you'll win the race, For we are slack'ning in our pace.

But, alas! poor runner feels The Avalanche doth touch his heels, Shall he be buried in the mass, Or will the vast pile o'er him pass.

He stops quite sudden 'neath a rock, It passed o'er him with mighty shock, Though it did cause him great alarm, Yet still he was all safe from harm.

The Avalanche yet downward slides, And his friend on it he rides, Until it safely him doth launch On outer edge of his own ranch.

After three miles down the gulch, They both might have been crushed to mulch, The one he seemed to run a race, While one on Avalanche did chase.

But it was not for bravado, One rode, one run in Colorado, For it was desperate the strife Each had for to secure his life.

This tale of shoes Norwegian Is not for the collegian, But for such youths as do take pride In reading of a wondrous slide.


To those who have so cheerfully subscribed for our poetic works at this early stage, and whose names have been obtained in this town, we feel ourselves deeply indebted, and it affords us great pleasure to record their names:--Dr. McKay, M.P.P.; Thomas Seldon, mayor; Joseph Gibson, postmaster; Dr. Williams, reeve; Walter Mills, Wm. Ewart, Thomas Brown, George Brown, Dr. Dickson, G. Alderson, William Watterworth, Dr. Canfield, James Smith, Peter Stuart, A. Grant, W. Partlo, Noxon Bros., Samuel, Stephen, T. H. and W. R. Noxon, C. E. Chadwick, J. A. Richardson, C. Simpson, James Brady, Peter Kennedy, M. T. Buchanan, W. A. Sudworth, C. Kennedy, H. Brooke, A. Pearson, John R. Warnock, Evans Piano Company, James Kirby, Dr. Carroll, Stephen King, D. Kerr & Co, W. Underwood, M. Walsh, J. S. Smith, W. McBain, James McKay, John Boles, J. E. Boles, J. C. Norsworthy, James Stevens, Angus McLeod, G. A. Turner, David White, James Sinclair, A. Murdoch, W. Woolson, William Dundass, James Badden, W. H. Jones, A. N. Christopher, G. A. Rose, L. Thompson, James Chambers, J. W. Marsden, Dr. Kester, A. D. Hoagg, W. C. Bell, F. Richardson, H. Richardson, John Morrow, O. E. Robinson, J. F. Morrey, W. Thompson, W. Gibson, G. H. Sharp, W. Hook, D. Secord, N. H. Bartley, W. Beckes, H. D. McCarty, John Ross, J. T. Malone, James H. Noe, L. Noe, G. Bloor, C. Bloor, T. H. Barraclough, T. F. Fawkes, J. Stephenson, J. H. Berry, Paul Berry, Hault Manufacturing Co., Dr. Walker, H. E. Robinson; T. H. Torren, W. Briden, John Birss, David Garlick, William Noxon, W. A. Knox, C. R. Patience, E. H. Hugill, J. A. Young, D. I. Sutherland, D. M. Sutherland, W. Thompson, R. McNiven, E. Livens, E. M. Walker, H. R. Cotton, D. W. Augustine, R. Gemmell, C. W. Waldron, J. W. Browett, R. H. Young, G. F. Clark, G. F. Mason, G. R. Thompson, W. A. Sinclair, W. Moore, James Kay, E. Caldwell, W. Davidson, G. McBurney, John Husband, R. A. Skinner.

Our dairy friends whose names appear on page 68 responded almost unanimous and the cheese buyers Messrs. Riley, Cook and Simister, manifested a similar spirit. To Podmore and Wilson of Grant & Co. we are also indebted. Several ex-wardens of the county are on our list, and James Sutherland, M.P., B. Hopkins, Gordon Cook, T. R. Mayberry, G. Walker, R. Wilson, J. C. Harris, W. Nancekivell, G. Chambers, R. Mayberry, Andrew Mitchell and J. H. Rowse, are among our country friends, and those prominent cheesemakers Ireland and Wooliever.

But as the printers are awaiting this sheet we must now close this list.

Now to our friends who proved so true, We bid you for short time adieu.

Those who may wish to procure a copy of this book will receive one neatly bound in cloth, with postage prepaid thereon, by remitting us One Dollar.


Ingersoll, Canada.



Kind words From Friends, 4

Canada Before Confederation, 7

Canada's Future, 8

Birth of Canada as a Nation, 9

Welcome to the Prince of Wales, 10

Canada's Resources, 11

North-West Rebellion, 12

Big Bear the Indian Chief, 14

Laying Corner Stone of Brock's Tower, 15

Patriotic Ode, 16

Province of Ontario, 17

Canadian Rivers and Lakes, 20

United by Steel Rails, 21

Lorne and Louise, 23

Canadian Sports and Games, 24

Niagara Charms and Death of Webb, 26

Departed Canadian Statesmen, 27

The Old Snake Fence, 28

Canadian Voyageurs on the Nile, 29

Land Clearing, 30

Maple Sugar Making, 31

Canadian Romance, 32

Lament of the Maple Tree, 36

Life in the Woods, 39

Prairie Farming, 40

Canada Our Home, 41

Donald Ross, 43

Patriot Fighting for his Home, 44

Fighting for Conquest, 45


Mrs. Moody, 46

T. D. McGee, 47

George Menzies, 48

Thomas Conant, 48

R. F. Gourley, 49

A. McLaughlan, 49


South Ontario Sketches, 50

Holland River and its Tributaries, 51

St. Catharines, 53

Brantford, 54

Thorold, 55

St. Thomas, 56

Galt and Dunlop, 57

Tilsonburg, 57

Port Stanley, 58

Port Burwell, 58

The Banks of Canadian Thames, 59

The River Thames, 60

London Flood, 60

Loss of Steamer Victoria, 61

Woodstock, 62

Ingersoll, 63

Embro, 63

Beachville, 64

Stratford, 64

Thamesford, 65


Cheese Pioneers, 67

Cheese Factories and Salesmen, 68

Father Ranney, 69

Mammoth Cheese, 71

Lines Read at a Dairyman's Supper. 72

Hints to Cheese Makers, 73

Fertile Lands and Great Cheese, 74

Dairymaid's Social, 74

Salford Home of the Cheese, 75

Oxford Cheese Ode, 76

Windmills and Stone Stables, 77

Dairy Ode, 78

Cheese Curd for Bait, 80


Thanksgiving Ode, 82

Agricultural Implements, 83

When to Sell Grain, 84

Four Acre Farm, 85

Harvest Home Festival, 86

Corner Stone Laying, 87

Credit Valley Trip, 88

Eagle and Salmon, 89

Captain's Adventure, 90

Indian Romance, 92

Canadian Hunter, 93

Fight With a Bear, 94

Origin of the Toboggan, 95

Bear and Falls, 97

Broken Raft Adventure, 99

Buffalo and Wolves, 100

Bear Hunt, 102

Coon Hunting, 103

Sailor's Yarn, 105

Hunters and Trappers, 106

Wild Goose Shot, 108

Adventures With Bears, 109


Queen's Jubilee, 112

Wars in Victoria's Reign, 113

Crimean War, 115

Indian Mutiny, 115

Bear and Whale, 116

Gordon and Burnaby, 117


Shakespeare, 118

Milton, 119

Coleridge, Southey & Wordsworth, 120

Shelly, 120

Byron, 120

Tennyson, 121

Dryden and Pope, 121


Bacon, Hogg, Lamb & Shakespeare, 122


Moor, 123

Oliver Goldsmith, 124


Burns, 125

Burns and Scott, 126

South of Scotland, 126

Scottish Poets, 127

James Hogg, 128

Highland Sketches, 129

Shires on the Moray Frith, 131

Lines Read at Embro, 132

St. Andrew's Celebration, 133

Dick and Edward, 134

Castle Gordon, 134

Prince Charlie's Grandsons, 135

St. Andrew, 136

River Clyde, 137

Elf Shot, 138

Hallowe'en, 139


Longfellow, Poe, Lowell, 140

Bryant, Whittier, Saxe, 141

Carleton, Millar, Holmes, Whitman, 142

Lofty Actors Withdraw, 142

United States, 143

Caledonia Springs, 144


Victoria Park and Games, 145

Ingersoll Fire, 145

Masonic Lines, 146

Oddfellowship, 147

Advice to a Little Girl, 148

In Memoriam, 149

Providential Escape, 150


Brain Engravings, 152

Survival of the Fittest, 153

Judge by Merit, 154

Gates Ajar, 155

Child Made Happy, 156

Poetry, 157

Power of Love, 157

Her Lover's Step, 158

The Useful Weed, 159

Golden Egg, 160

Little Dora, 161

Lines on the Death of a Good Woman, 161

Fighting for Home, 162

Mental Album, 162

Every Rose Hath Its Thorn, 163

Danger of Fire Arms, 164

Kind Providence, 164

Help in Need, 165

O For a Lodge, 165

Bird's Nest, 166

Remains Found in Toronto Bay, 166

A Lawn Party, 167

Address to a Bachelor, 167

Lines Read at a Ladies' Aid, 168

Female Revenge, 168

A Typewriter, 169


Lay of the Spring, 170

High in Masonry, 171

Tramp and Fish, 172

Seal Hunting, 173

Snake and Her Young, 174

Whale and its Foes, 175

Tiger and Elephant, 176

Strange Life Preserver, 177

Virtues of a Diamond Ring, 178

Child Saved by Dog, 180

Leach the Engineer, 182

Jackal and Child, 183

Little Hero, 185

Gray Hairs, 186

Good Shot, 187

Lost Son Found, 188

Shoeblack's Sad Fate, 189

Duck and Oyster, 190

Baby Darling, 192

Riding an Avalanche, 193

Final Address to Our Patrons, 195

Transcriber's Notes

No changes were made, unless noted.

Page 6 (And you'r a poet yet.) A short version for you're.

Page 27 and 60 (Mingling with St. Lawrance motion,). Spelling as shown. St. Lawrence in other poems.

Page 38 (when we used the smooth plain.). Possible typo for plane.

Page 47 (D Arcy McGee,). May be D'Arcy.

Page 81 (Which had grown from the seed). Changed whih to which.

Page 85 (But none e're fell in love with Ruth,). Perhaps e'er rather than e're. ('Tis seldom she e're feels alarm,). Same.

Page 89 (Wilmot of fish culutre fame,). Possible typo for culture.

Page 120 (The brilliant, pasionate Byron.). Possible typo for passionate.

Page 140 (His wierd, wonderful romances). May be weird.

Page 144 (Where fish are propogate by Green,). Possibly propagate.

Page 169 (glorying in his typewriter). Changed typewiter to typewriter.